This chapter offers a broad overview of human action as the carrying out of free choices, which last in the acting person's character beyond the time of performance, until (if ever) repented of. Recent theological theories (e.g., Timothy O'Connell's) which treat even freely chosen actions as only superficial manifestations of the person are criticized. The intransitive effect of choice and action is explained. The specification of acts by their objects is defended, and the bases for the traditional theological maxim that evil may not be done for the sake of good are indicated and vindicated against the Jesuits Richard McCormick and Bruno Schüller.
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