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Persistence and Spacetime$
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Yuri Balashov

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199579921

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579921.001.0001

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Persisting Objects in Classical Spacetime

Persisting Objects in Classical Spacetime

Chapter:
(p.71) 4 Persisting Objects in Classical Spacetime
Source:
Persistence and Spacetime
Author(s):

Yuri Balashov (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579921.003.0004

The generic framework of Chapter 2 is used to formulate the rival views of persistence in classical (Galilean) spacetime, followed by a brief analysis of available regional modification schemes and a statement of achronal universalism. The remainder of the chapter is focused on the argument from vagueness to four‐dimensionalism, due to Lewis and Sider. The chapter develops a new objection to this argument, based on drawing a motivated distinction between synchronic and diachronic composition. Diachronic composition can be said to be causally grounded in a way synchronic composition is not. This allows one to construct a counterexample that blocks a crucial step in the argument from vagueness. While the three‐dimensionalist may welcome this objection as undermining the general case for four‐dimensionalism, I am inclined to consider it as encouraging important domestic restructuring in the four‐dimensionalist camp. In particular, the burdensome marriage between four‐dimensionalism and mereological universalism can be dissolved.

Keywords:   Galilean spacetime, persistence, achronal universalism, three‐dimensionalism, four‐dimensionalism, argument from vagueness, Lewis, Sider, mereological universalism

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