Supranationalism and the European Commission
Chapter 4 goes one step further and explores actor‐level supranationalism in the Commission services. The transformative clout of the Commission is assessed by the extent to which seconded national experts (SNEs) adopt a supranational role perception. OLS regression analyses reveal that actor‐level supranationalism among SNEs reflect (a) processes of re‐socialization inside the Commission, (b) the organizational composition of the Commission, and (c) organizational in compatibilities between the Commission and domestic government institutions. This chapter does not report robust evidence of pre‐socialization of SNEs outside the Commission. In sum, Chapter 4 argues that the Commission is a ‘hothouse’ for supranationalism, and challenges a core claim of Hooghe (2005) that socialization of Commission officials mainly occur at the national level and not inside the Commission apparatus.
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