Archives and manuscripts
Aberdeen Medico‐Chirurgical Society, University of Aberdeen
Papers of Sir James McGrigor
Birmingham City Archives
Papers of James Watt
Bristol Record Office
Letters of George Clement
Papers of Rev. Thomas Morris
Asia, Pacific and African Collections:
Bengal Military Consultations
Bengal Public Proceedings
East India Company Marine
India Home Consultations
Madras Public Proceedings (Consultations)
Manuscript of S. K. Bhuyan
Papers of Sir Paul Jodrell
Papers of Col. John MacDonald
Letters from Dr Francis Maxwell
Diary of Kenneth Murchison
Papers of William Roxburgh
Papers of J. C. Wade
Papers of H. H. Wilson
Correspondence of Sir Joseph Banks
Papers of Lord Dropmore
Derbyshire Record Office
Gloucestershire County Record Office
Papers of Capt. Richard Barlow
Correspondence of C. L. Davies
Dickinson family correspondence
Ducarel family papers
Memorandum of Mr Fortesque's Services in India
Returns of His Majesty's Forces, October 1767
Correspondence of the Huntley family
Papers of the Sotherton‐Estcourt family
Hampshire County Record Office
Papers of the Earl of Malmesbury
Herefordshire Record Office
Correspondence of Henry Smith
Papers collected by Sir Francis Hill
The National Archives
National Maritime Museum
Natural History Museum
Papers of William Roxburgh
Plymouth and West Devon Record Office
Minutes and memoranda of Capt. Richard Creyke
John Glennys Papers
Robinson Library, Special Collections, University of Newcastle
Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Anon, ‘An Essay on the Hypochondriac Disease’
Papers of William Cullen
Papers of Sir John Pringle
Papers of William Roxburgh
Papers of Partick Russell
Lecture notes of Robert Whytt
Sheffield City Archives
Wentworth Woodhouse Muniments
University of Nottingham
Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine
Western Manuscript Collection:
Papers of Sir George Ballingall
Collection of Nicolas Chervin
V. O. Gouraud, Memorandum on the French military hospital service
Papers of M. J. de Herrate
Papers of William Cuming
Papers of John Fothergill
Papers of Martin de Sesse y Lacasta
Letters of Lord George Macartney
Charles Middleton, Reports on Haslar Hospital
Journal of Surgeon Pigot
Commonplace book of Thomas Thomson
Royal Army Medical Corps Muniment Collection:
Alexander Allan Cormack (ed.), The Mahratta Wars 1792–1805: Letters from the Front by Three Brothers – Nicholas, George and Thomas Carnegie of Charleton, Montrose
William Fergusson, letters
William Fergusson, reports on hospitals in the West Indies
West Sussex Record Office
Wiltshire and Swindon Record Office
Letters from Sir Paul Jodrell
Maharashtra State Archives
Bombay, Hospital Board Diary
Public Department Diary
Tamil Nadu State Archives
Surgeon General's Records, Madras
West Bengal State Archives
Judicial (Criminal) Consultations
National Library of Jamaica, Special Collections
Hospital records, 1739–48
American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia
Green Library, Stanford University
Correspondence of Thomas de St Laurent
Lilly Library, University of Indiana, Bloomington
Books and published reports
a Costa, Christaphori, Aromatum & medicamentum in Orientali India nascentium (Antwerp: Christophori Platini, 1582).
Ainslie, Whitelaw, Observations on the Cholera Morbus of India: A Letter addressed to the Honourable Court of Directors of the East India Company (London: Kingsbury, Parbury and Allen, 1825).
Alexander, William, Experimental Essays on the following Subjects: I. On the external Application of Antiseptics in Putrid Diseases. II. On the Diseases and Effects of Medicines. III. On Diuretics and Sudorifics, Essay II (London: s.n., 1790).
Allen, Colinus, Dissertatio medica inauguralis, seu observations quaedem de febre remittente, quae grassabatur in insula Sancta Lucia, annis MDCCXCVI. MDCCXCVII (Edinburgh: John Moir, 1818).
Alpini, Prosper, De medicina gyptiorum. Libri quator. Iacobi Bontii, In Indiis archiatri, de medicina Indorum (Paris: G. Pele & I. Duval, 1646).
Annesley, James, Researches into the Causes, and Treatment of the more prevalent Diseases of India, and of Warm Climates more generally. Illustrated with Cases, Post‐Mortem Examinations, and Numerous Coloured Engravings of Morbid Structures (London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Browne and Green, 1828).
Anon., Paracelsus his Aurora, & Treasure of the Philosophers. As also the Water‐Stone of the Wise Men; Describing the Matter of, and Manner how to attain the universal Tincture (London: J. H. Oxon., 1659).
Anon., Traité de la Peste (Paris: Guillaume Cavelier, 1722).
Anon., Medicina Vindicata: Or, Reflections on Bleeding, Vomiting, and Purging, in the Beginning of Fevers, Small‐Pox, Pleurises and other Acute Diseases, by a Fellow of the College of Physicians in Dublin (London: James and John Knapton, 1728).
Armstrong, John, Miscellanies (London: T. Cadell, 1770).
Armstrong, Robert, The Influence of Climate and other Agents on the Human Constitution, with reference to the Causes and Prevention of Disease among Seamen: with Observations on Fever in General, and an Account of the Epidemic Fever of Jamaica (London: Longman, Brown, Green & Longman, 1843).
Arnott, Archibald, Dissertatio medica inauguralis de febre remittente (Edinburgh: C. Stewart, 1815).
Arthy, Elliot, The Seaman's Medical Advocate: Or, An Attempt to shew that Five Thousand Seamen are, annually, during war, lost to the British Nation, in the West‐India Merchant's (p.297) Service, and on‐board Ships of War on the West‐India Station, through the Yellow Fever, And other Diseases and Means, from Causes which, it is conceived, are chiefly to be obviated, and unconnected with the Misfortunes of War or Dangers of the Seas (London: Richardson and Egerton, 1798).
Balfour, Francis, Treatise on the Influence of the Moon in Fevers (Calcutta: George Gordon, 1784).
Balfour, Francis, A Treatise on Putrid Intestinal Remitting Fevers, in which the Laws of the febrile State and Sol‐Lunar Influence being Investigated and Defined, are Applied to Explain the Nature of the Various Forms, Crises, and other Phenomena of these Fevers; and there is Deduced and Instituted an Improved Method of Curing Them (Edinburgh: William Smellie, 1790).
Balfour, Francis, A Treatise on the Action of Sol‐Lunar Influence, in which it is inferred, from Observations on the Urine, etc, etc, that it occasions the Daily and Lunar Revolutions Observable in the State of Fevers, of other Diseases, and of Health, by producing coincident Changes in the Condition of the Constrictive Power and Balance of the Vascular System (Edinburgh: William Smellie, 1791).
Balfour, Francis, A Treatise on Sol‐Lunar Influence in Fevers (Calcutta: Company's Press, 1794).
Ballingall, George, Practical Observations on Fever, Dysentery, and Liver Complaints; as they occur amongst the European Troops in India; with Introductory Remarks, on the Disadvantages of selecting Boys for Indian Military Service (Edinburgh: David Browne and A. Constable & Co., 1818).
Bally, Victor, Du typhus d'Amerique ou fièvre jaune (Paris: Smith, 1814).
Baltimore City Health Department, The First Thirty‐Five Annual Reports, 1815–1849 (Baltimore: The Commissioner of Health of Baltimore, Maryland, 1853).
Bampfield, R. W., A Practical Treatise on Tropical Dysentery, more particularly as it occurs in the East Indies; illustrated by Cases and Appearances on Dissection: to which is added a Practical Treatise on Scorbutic Dysentery, with some Facts and Observations relative to Scurvy (London: Burgess & Hill, 1819).
Bancroft, Edward N., Exposure of Misrepresentations by Dr McGrigor and Dr Jackson to the Commissioners of Military Enquiry (London: T. Cadell & W. Davies, 1808).
Bancroft, Edward N., A Letter to the Commissioners of Military Enquiry, containing some Animadversions on some Parts of their Fifth Report (London: J. Murray, 1808).
Bancroft, Edward N., An Essay on the Disease called Yellow Fever, with Observations concerning Febrile Contagion, Typhus Fever, Dysentery, and the Plague, partly delivered as the Gulstonian Lectures, before the College of Physicians, in the Years 1806 and 1807 (London: T. Cadell & W. Davies, 1811).
Bancroft, Edward N., A Sequel to an Essay on the Yellow Fever; principally intended to prove, by incontestable Facts and important Documents, that the Fever, called Bulam, or Pestilential, has no Existence as a distinct, or a Contagious Disease (London: J. Callow, 1817).
Barker, John, An Inquiry into the Nature, Cause, and Cure of the present Epidemick Fever. Together with some general Observations concerning the Difference betwixt Nervous and Inflammatory Fevers, and the Method of treating each (London: T. Astley, 1742).
Barker, John, An Essay on the Agreement betwixt Ancient and Modern Physicians: or a Comparison between the Practice of Hippocrates, Galen, Sydenham, and Boerhaave, in Acute Diseases (London: G. Hawkins, 1747).
(p.298) Beddoes, Thomas (ed.), Reports, principally concerning the Effects of the Nitrous Acid in the Venereal Disease, by Surgeons of the Royal Naval Hospital at Plymouth, and other Practitioners (Bristol: J. Johnson, 1797).
Bellini, Laurentii, Opuscula aliquot (Lugduni Batavorum [Leiden]: Cornelium Boutesteyn, 1656).
Bernier, F., Travels in the Mogul Empire A.D. 1656–1668, tr. I. Brock, rev. A. Constable (New Delhi: S. Chand & Son, 1972).
Bichat, Xavier, Anatomie Générale, appliqué a la Physiologie et a la Médecine, 4 vols (Paris: Brosson, Gabon & Co., 1801).
Bichat, Xavier, Physiological Researches on Life and Death, tr. F. Gold (London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Browne, 1815).
Blair, William, Essays on the Venereal Disease, and its Concomitant Affections. Illustrated by a Variety of Cases: Essay I. Part I. On the Antivenereal Effects of the Nitric Acid, Oxygenated Muriate of Potash, and several analogous remedies, which have been lately proposed as substitutes for Mercury (London: J. Johnson, 1798).
Bland, Humphry, A Treatise of Military Discipline; in which is laid down and explained the Duty of the Officer and Soldier, thro' the several Branches of the Service (London and Dublin, 1743).
Blane, Gilbert, Observations on the Diseases Incident to Seamen (London: Joseph Cooper, 1785).
Blane, Gilbert, Observations on the Diseases Incident to Seamen, 3rd edn. (London: Murray and Highley, 1799).
Blane, Gilbert, Select Dissertations on Several Subjects of Medical Science (London: Thomas and George Underwood, 1822).
Blicke, Charles, An Essay on the Bilious or Yellow Fever of Jamaica, collected from the Manuscript of a late Surgeon (London: T. Bechet & Co., 1772).
Boerhaave, W., Boerhaave's Aphorisms: Concerning the Knowledge and Causes of Disease, tr. J. Delacoste (London: W. & J. Innys, 1742).
Bolingbroke, Henry, A Voyage to the Demerary: An Account of the Settlements there and on the Essequebo and Berbice (Georgetown: The Daily Chronicle, 1941 ).
Bontius, Jacobus, De medicina Indorum (Lugduni Batav. [Leiden]: Apud Franciscum Hackium, 1642).
Bontius, Jacobus, An Account of the Diseases, Natural History, and Medicines of the East Indies, tr. anon. (London: T. Noteman, 1769).
Boyle, Robert, The General History of the Air, designed and begun by the Hon. Robert Boyle (London: A. and J. Churchill, 1692).
Brande, W. T. and Parke, Samuel, A Descriptive Account of Mr Thompson's Laboratory at Cheltenham for the Preparation of Cheltenham Salts, with a Chemical Analysis of the Waters whence they are produced (Cheltenham: G. A. Williams, 1817).
Brett, F. H., A Practical Essay on some of the Principal Diseases of India (Calcutta: Thacker and Co., 1840).
Brocklesby, Richard, Œconomical and Medical Observations, in Two Parts. From the Year 1758 to the Year 1763, inclusive. Tending to the Improvement of Military Hospitals, and to the Cure of Camp Diseases, incident to Soldiers. To which is subjoined, An Appendix, containing a curious Account of the Climate and Diseases in Africa, upon the Great River Senegal, and farther up than the Island of Senegal. In a Letter from Mr Boone, (p.299) Practitioners in Physic to that Garrison for Three Years, to Dr Brocklesby (London: T. Beckett and P. A. De Hondt, 1764).
Brown, John, The Works of Dr John Brown M.D. To which is prefixed a biographical Account of the Author by W. C. Brown, 3 vols (London: J. Johnson, 1804).
Bryce, James, An Account of the Yellow Fever, with a successful Method of Cure (Edinburgh: W. Creech, 1796).
Buchan, William, Domestic Medicine; or the Family Physician (Philadelphia: John Dunlop, 1772).
Burke, Edmund, A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful (Dublin: Graisberry & Campbell, 1771).
Burnett, William, Official Report on the Fever which appeared on board H.M. Ship Bann, on the Coast of Africa; and amongst the Detachment of Royal Marines, forming the Garrison of the Island of Ascension, in the Year 1823 (London: Burgess and Hill, 1824).
Burt, Adam, A Tract on the Biliary Complaints of Europeans in Hot Climates; founded on Observations in Bengal, and consequently designed to be particularly useful to those in that Country (Calcutta: John Hay, 1785).
Burton, Richard, Goa and the Blue Mountains; Or Six Months of Sick Leave (London: R. Bentley, 1851).
Butterfield, L. H. (ed.), The Letters of Benjamin Rush, 2 vols (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1951).
Campbell, Gulielmus, Disputatio medica inauguralis de dysenteria complectens (Edinburgh: Stevenson and Co., 1818).
Carter, Gulielmus Fransicus, Tentamen medicum inaugurale de febre endemica occidentalium (Edinburgh: D. Schaw and Son, 1818).
Cheyne, George, The English Malady, or, A Treatise of Nervous Diseases of all Kinds, as Spleen, Vapours, Lowness of Spirits, Hypochondrial, and Hysterical Distempers, etc. (London: G. Strahan, 1733).
Chisholm, Colin, An Essay on the Malignant Pestilential Fever introduced into the West Indian Islands from Boullam, on the Coast of Guinea, as it appeared in 1793 and 1794 (London: C. Dilly, 1795).
Chisholm, Colin, A Manual of the Climate and Diseases of Tropical Countries; in which a Practical View of the Statistical Pathology, and of the History and Treatment of the Diseases of those Countries, is attempted to be given: calculated chiefly as a Guide to the young medical Practitioner on his first resorting to those Countries (London: Burgess and Hill, 1822).
Clark, John, Observations on the Diseases of Long Voyages to Hot Countries, and particularly on those which prevail in the East Indies (London: D. Wilson, 1773).
Clark, John, A Collection of Papers intended to promote an Institution for the Cure and Prevention of Infectious Fevers in Newcastle and other populous Towns. Together with the Communications of the most eminent Physicians relative to the Safety and Importance of annexing Fever‐Wards to the Newcastle and other Infirmaries (Newcastle: S. Hodgson, 1802).
Clark, John, Observations on the Diseases which prevail in Long Voyages to Hot Countries, particularly those in the East Indies; and in the same Diseases as they appear in Great Britain (London: John Murray, 1809).
Clark, Thomas, Observations on the Nature and Cure of Fevers, and of Diseases of the West and East Indies, and of America: with an Account of Dissections performed in those Climates and General Remarks on Diseases in the Army (Edinburgh: Bell and Bradfute, 1801). (p.300)
Clarke, James, A Treatise on the Yellow Fever, as it appeared in the Island of Dominica in the Years 1793–4–5–6 (London: J. Murray and S. Highley, 1797).
Cleghorn, George, Observations on the Epidemical Diseases in Minorca. From the Year 1744 to 1749. To which is prefixed, a short Account of the Climate, Productions, Inhabitants, and Endemical Distempers of that Island (London: D. Wilson, 1751).
Cobbett, William, Rural Rides, 2 vols (London: Reeves & Turner, 1885).
Cockburn, Marcus, Dissertatio medica inauguralis de dysenteria Indae orientalis (Edinburgh: Stevenson and Co., 1818).
Cockburn, William, The Present Uncertainty in the Knowledge of Medicines, in a Letter to the Physicians in the Commission for Sick and Wounded Seamen. With a Postscript to Physicians, shewing the Necessity of a True Theory of Diseases (London: Benjamin Barker, 1703).
Cockburn, William, Sea Diseases: Or, a Treatise of Their Nature, Causes and Cure (2nd edn., London: George Strachan, 1706).
Colin, Anthoine (ed. and tr.), Histoire des Drogues, Espiceries, et de Certains Medicamens Simples, qui naissent es Indes et en l'Amerique, divise en deux parties (Lyon: Pillehotte, 1619).
Collett, Joseph, The Private Letter Books of Joseph Collett, Sometime Governor of Fort St. George, Madras, ed. H. H. Dodwell (London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1933).
Corner, B. C. and Booth, C. C. (eds.), Chain of Friendship: Selected Letters of Dr John Fothergill of London, 1735–1780 (Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press, 1971).
Cruickshank, William, The Results of the Trials of various Acids, and some other Substances, in the Treatment of Lues Venerea (London: C. Dilly, 1797).
Currie, James, Medical Reports on the Effects of Water, cold and warm, as a remedy in Fever and Febrile Diseases, whether applied to the surface of the Body, or used as a drink; with Observations on the nature of Fever, and on the Effects of Opium, Alcohol, and Inanition (London: Cadell and Davies, 1797).
Currie, James, Examination of the Prejudices commonly entertained against Mercury as beneficially applicable to most Hepatic Complaints (London: J. M'Creery, 1809).
Curtin, Samuel, Tentamen medicum inaugurale, de febre flava Indae Occidentalis (Edinburgh: Balfour and Smellie, 1778).
Curtis, Charles, An Account of the Diseases in India, as they appeared in the English Fleet, and in the Naval Hospital at Madras, in 1782 and 1783, with Observations on Ulcers, and the Hospital Sores of that Country (Edinburgh: W. Laing, 1807).
da Orta, Garcia, Coloquios dos Simples, e Drogas he cousas Mediçinais da India, & assi dalgûas fructas achadas nella onde se tratam algûas cousas tocantes amediçina, practica, & outras cousas boas, pera saber cópostos pello Doutor Garçia Dorta (Goa: Ioannes de Endem, 1563).
da Silveira Caldiera, Joannes, Disputatio medica inauguralis de febrius intermittentibus (Edinburgh: Neill and Co., 1815).
Dancer, Thomas, The Medical Assistant; or Jamaica Practice of Physic: designed chiefly for the use of Families and Plantations (Kingston: Alexander Aikman, 1801).
Darwin, Erasmus, Zoonomia: or, the Laws of Organic Life, 2 vols (1st American edn.; Philadelphia: T. Dobson, 1797).
de Arejula, Don Juan Manuel, Breve descripcion de la fiebre amarilla padecida en Cadiz y pueblos cornarcanos en 1800, en Medinasidonia en 1801, en Malaga en 1803, y en esta misma plaza y varias otras del reyno en 1804 (Madrid: Imprenta Real, 1806).
(p.301) de Castenada, H. L., The First Book of the Historie of the Discoverie and Conquest of the Portingales, in their dangerous Navigations, in the Time of King Don John, the Second of the Name, tr. T. East (London: T. East, 1582).
de Faria y Sousa, Manuel, The Portuguese Asia: Or, the History of the Discovery and Conquest of India by the Portuguese, tr. J. Stevens (London: C. Brome, 1695).
de Jonnès, Moreau, Monographie Historique et Médicale de la Fièvre Jaune des Antilles (Paris: Migneret, Bechet & Crevot, 1820).
Delon, J., A Voyage to the East Indies (London: D. Browne, 1698).
Dickson, Samuel, On the Prevalent Diseases of India. With New Physiological and Therapeutical Illustrations (3rd edn.; Edinburgh: J. Anderson, 1833).
Dickson, Samuel, The Fallacy of the Art of Physic, as taught in the Schools; with the development of new and important Principles of Practice (Edinburgh: Adam & Charles Black, 1836).
Doughty, Edward, Observations and Inquiries into the Nature and Treatment of the Yellow, or Bulam Fever, in Jamaica, and at Cadiz; particularly in what regards its primary Cause and assigned Contagious Powers: illustrated by Cases and Dissections (London: Highley & Son, 1816).
Douglas, Robert, The Genealogy of the Family of Lind and the Montgomeries of Smithton, written by Sir Robert Douglas, Baronet (Windsor: s.n., 1795).
Edwards, W. F., De l'influence des agens physiques sur la vie (Paris: Crochard, 1824).
Falck, N. D., A Treatise on the Medical Qualities of Mercury (London: B. Law, 1776).
Falconer, William, Remarks on the Influence of Climate, Situation, Nature of Country, Population, Nature of Food, and Way of Life, on the Disposition and Temper, Manners and Behaviours, Intellects, Laws and Customs, Forms of Government, and Religion, of Mankind (London: C. Dilly, 1781).
Faria e Sousa, Manuel de, The Portugues Asia: Or, The History of the Discovery and Conquest of India by the Portugues, tr. J. Stevens (London: C. Brome, 1695 ).
Fellowes, James, Reports of the Pestilential Disorder of Andalusia, which appeared at Cadiz in the Years 1800, 1804, 1810, and 1813; with a Detailed Account of that Fatal Epidemic as it prevailed at Gibraltar, during the Autumnal Months of 1804; also Observations on the Remitting and Intermitting Fever, made in the Military Hospitals at Colchester, after the Return of the Troops from the Expedition to Zealand in 1809 (London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1815).
Ferguson, Adam, An Essay on the History of Civil Society (Basel: J. J. Tourneisen, 1789).
Fisher, Edward Tentamen medicum inaugurale, de febre flava, reionum calidarum (Edinburgh: George Mudie, 1795).
Fogo, Thomas MacMillan, Dissertatio medica inauguralis de febre flava Hispaniae (Edinburgh: Abernethy and Walker, 1818).
Fontana, Niccola Fontana, Osservazioni intorno alli Malattie che Attaccano gli Europeine' Clinici Caldi & nelle Lunghe Navigazioni di Niccola Fontana cremonese fatten el suo Viaggio alle Indie Orientali dall anno 1776 al 1781 (Livorno: Vincenzio Falorni, 1781).
Forbes, James, Oriental Memoirs: Selected from a Series of Familiar Letters written during seventeen Years Residence in India, 4 vols (New Delhi: Gian Publishing House, 1988 ).
Fourcroy, A.‐F., ‘Preliminary Discourse’, Elements of Natural History, and of Chemistry, tr. W. Nicholson (London: G. J. J. & J. Robinson, 1788).
Geddes, William, Clinical Illustrations of the Diseases of India: As exhibited in the Medical History of a Body of European Soldiers for a Series of Years from their Arrival in that Country (London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1846).
Gentleman of the Faculty [pseud.], Anatomical Dialogues; or, a Breviary of Anatomy. Wherein all the Parts of the Human Body are concisely and accurately described, and their Uses explained; by which the Young Practitioner may attain a Right Method of Treating Diseases, as far as it depends on Anatomy. Chiefly compiled for the Use of the Young Gentlemen in the Navy and Army (London: G. Robinson, 1778).
Gibney, William, A Medical Guide to the Cheltenham Waters, containing Observations on their Nature and Properties; the Diseases in which they are beneficial or hurtful; with the Rules to be Observed during their Use (Cheltenham: S. Bettison, 1824).
Gibson, John, A Treatise on Bilious Diseases and Indigestion, with the Effects of Quassy and Natron in these Disorders (London: Murray and Highley, 1799).
Gillespie, Leonard, Observations on the Diseases which prevailed on Board a Part of His Majesty's Squadron, on the Leeward Island Station, between Nov. 1794 and April 1796 (London: J. Cuthell, 1800).
Gordon, Charles Alexander, The Principal Diseases of India, briefly described: with Hints on the Duties of Medical Officers in that Country (London: Trelawney William Saunders, 1847).
Gupta, P. C. (ed.), Fort William – India House Correspondence and other Contemporary Papers relating thereto (Public Series), vol. XIII (Delhi: National Archives of India, 1959).
Halley, Edmund, ‘An Historical Account of the Trade Winds, and Monsoons, observable in the Seas between and near the Tropicks, with an Attempt to assign the Physical cause of the said Winds’, Phil. Trans., 16 (1686), 153–68.
Halpin, W., Fact versus Assertion, or Critical and Explanatory Observations on some Erroneous Statements, contained in Dr Adam Neale's Pamphlet on the Nature and Properties of the Cheltenham Waters (London: s.n., 1820).
Herbert, Thomas, Some Years Travels into Africa and Asia the Great, especially describing the famous Empires of Persia and Industant. As also divers other Kingdoms in the Orientall Indies, and Iles adjacent (4th edn.; London: R. Everingham, 1677 ).
Hillary, William, A Rational and Mechanical Essay on the Smallpox (London: G. Strahan, 1735).
Hillary, William, An Inquiry into the Contents and Medicinal Virtues of Lincomb Spa Water, near Bath (London: J. Leake & C. Hitch, 1742).
Hillary, William, Observations on the Changes of the Air, and the Concomitant Epidemical Diseases in the Island of Barbadoes. To which is added, a Treatise on the Putrid Bilious Fever, commonly called the Yellow Fever; and such other Diseases as are indigenous or endemial in the West India Islands or in the Torrid Zone (London: C. Hitch and L. Hawes, 1759).
Hoffman, Friedrich, Fundamenta Medicinae, tr. and ed. Lester S. King (London: MacDonald, 1971).
Houlston, Thomas, Observations on Poisons; and on the use of Mercury in the Cure of obstinate Dysenteries (London: H. Reynell, 1784).
Howard, John, An Account of the Principal Lazarettos in Europe; with various Papers relative to the Plague: together with further Observations on some foreign Prisons and Hospitals; and additional Remarks on the present State of those in Britain and Ireland (Warrington: William Eyres, 1789).
Hunter, John, Inaugural Disputation on the Varieties of Man; dissertation to the Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (Edinburgh: Balfour and Smellie, 1775).
Hunter, John, Observations on the Diseases of the Army in Jamaica and on the best Means of preserving the Health of Europeans in the Climate (London: G. Nicol, 1788).
Huxham, John, An Essay on Fevers and their various Kinds, as depending on different Constitutions of the Blood: with Dissertations on Slow Nervous Fevers; on Putrid, Pestilential, Spotted Fevers; on the Small‐Pox; and on Pleurisies and Peripneumonies (London: S. Austen, 1750).
Ingram, Dale, An Historical Account of the several Plagues that have appeared in the World since the Year 1346 with an Enquiry into the present prevailing Opinion, that the Plague is a Contagious Distemper, capable of being transported in Merchandize, from one Country to another (London: R. Baldwin, 1755).
Ingram, E. (ed.), Two Views of British India: The Private Correspondence of Mr Dundas and Lord Wellesley: 1798–1801 (London: Adams and Dart, 1969).
Jackson, Robert, A Treatise on the Fevers of Jamaica, with some Observations on the Intermitting Fever of America, and an Appendix, containing some Hints on the Means of Preserving the Health of Soldiers in Hot Climates (London: J. Murray, 1791).
Jackson, Robert, An Outline of the History and Cure of Fever, Endemic and Contagious (Edinburgh: Mundell & Son, 1798).
Jackson, Robert, A Sketch of the History and Cure of febrile Diseases; more particularly as they appear in the West Indies among the Soldiers of the British Army (Stockton: T. & H. Eeles, 1817).
James, R., The Modern Practice of Physic; as improv'd by the Celebrated Professors, H. Boerhaave, and F. Hoffman, 2 vols (London: J. Hodges, 1746).
James, R., A Dissertation on Fevers and Inflammatory Distempers, wherein an expeditious Method is proposed of Curing those dangerous Disorders (London: J. Newberry, 1749).
Jameson, David, Dissertatio medica inauguralis, de febris remmitentis curatione (Edinburgh: C. Stewart, 1818).
Jameson, Thomas, Essays on the Changes of the Human Body, at its Different Ages; the Diseases to which it is Predisposed in each Period of Life: and the Physiological Principles of its Longevity. The whole Illustrated by Analogies in Plants and Animals (London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown, 1811).
Jameson, Thomas, A Treatise on Cheltenham Waters and Biliary Diseases, with Introductory Observations by John Fosbroke, Surgeon, Cheltenham (2nd edn.; Cheltenham: S. C. Harper, 1825).
Johnson, James, The Influence of Tropical Climates, more especially of the Climate of India, on European Constitutions; and the Principal Effects and Diseases thereby induced, their Prevention and Removal, and the Means of Preserving Health in Hot Climates rendered obvious to Europeans of every Capacity (London: J. J. Callow, 1815).
(p.304) Johnson, James, A Practical Treatise on Derangements of the Liver, Digestive Organs, and Nervous System. To which is added an Essay on the Prolongation of Life, and Conservation of Health (2nd edn.; London: for the author, 1818).
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Woodcock, Samuel, Dissertatio medica inauguralis quaedem de febre flava Indarium Occidentalium (Edinburgh: Abernethy & Walker, 1809).
Yates, William and Maclean, Charles, A View of the Science of Life; on the Principles established in the Elements of Medicine of the late celebrated John Brown M.D., with an Attempt to Correct some of the Errors of that Work (Dover, N H: Samuel Bragg, 1801).
Articles and book chapters
Addison, Thomas, ‘The Pleasures of the Imagination’, in A. Ross (ed.), Selections from The Tatler and The Spectator of Steele and Addison (London: Penguin, 1982), 364–406.
Annesley, James, ‘Medical Observations’, in H. Murray et al. (eds.), Histories and Descriptive Statements of British India (Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 1832), 353–67.
(p.313) Anon., ‘An Account of the Success of Inoculation for the Small‐Pox at Jamaica’, in John Quier, Thomas Fraser, John Hume, George Monro, Ambrose Dawson, and Dr Dodsell, Letters and Essays on the Small‐Pox and Inoculation, the Measles, the Dry Bell‐Ache, the Yellow, and Remitting, and Intermitting Fevers of the West Indies.…By Different Practitioners (London: John Murray, 1778).
Anon., ‘The Process suggested by James Charmichael Smyth, M.D., F.R.S., for determining the Effect of the Nitric Acid in destroying Contagion. Extracted from an Account of the Experiment made by the Desire of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty on Board the Union Hospital Ship, 1796’, Philosophical Magazine, 2 (1798), 68–73.
Anon., ‘Review of William Fowle's Practical Treatise on the Different Fevers of the West Indies (1800)’, in Medical and Physical Journal, 4 (1800), 354.
Arnott, F. S., ‘Report on the Health of the 1st Bombay European Regiment (Fusiliers), from 1st April 1846 to 31st March 1854’, Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay, 2nd series, 2 (1854–5), 102–211.
Atkinson, J., ‘Popular Notions on Health and Disease Examined’, India Journal of Medical Science, 1 (1834), 113–15.
Balfour, Francis, ‘Observations respecting the remarkable Effects of Sol‐Lunar Influence in the Fevers of India; with the Scheme of an Astronomical Ephemeris for the Purposes of Medicine and Meteorology’, Asiatick Researches, 8 (1808), 21–2.
Bell, J., ‘Special Report upon the Sulphate of Quina’, in Madras Government, Madras Medical Reports, 257–8.
Blane, Gilbert, ‘On the Comparative Health of the British Navy, from the Year 1779 to the Year 1814, with Proposals for its farther Improvement’, in idem, Select Dissertations, 1–64.
Blane, Gilbert, ‘On the Medical Service of the Fleet in the West Indies in the Year 1782’, in idem, Select Dissertations, 65–86.
Blane, Gilbert, ‘Warning to the British Public against the Alarming Approach of the Indian Cholera’, in Cholera Morbus: Its Causes, Prevention, and Cure: with Disquisitions on the Contagious or Non‐Contagious Nature of this dreadful Malady, by Sir Henry Holford, Sir Gilbert Blane, and eminent Birmingham Physicians, and the Lancet, and Medical Gazette, together with ample Directions regarding it, by the College of Physicians and Board of Health (Glasgow: W. R. M'Phan, 1831), 9–21.
Blumenbach, J., ‘On the Possibility of Casual Mutilations in the Bodies of Animals becoming in the Course of Time hereditary Marks of Distinction’, Philosophical Magazine, 4 (1799), 1–2.
Caveri, Gernelli, ‘A Voyage round the World by Dr John Francis Gernelli Caveri, containing the most remarkable Things he saw in Indostan’, in J. P. Guha (ed.), India in the Seventeenth Century. Being an Account of the two Voyages to India by Ovington and Thevenot. To which is added the Indian Travels of Caveri (New Delhi: Associated Publishing House, 1976), vol. 2, 189–335.
Cawley, Thomas, ‘An Account of the Dysentery, as it appeared among His Majesty's Troops in Jamaica during the late War; with Dissections explaining the proximate Cause of that Disease; and a more simple and efficacious Method of Treatment thence resulting described’, London Medical Journal, 7 (1786), 337–71.
Clark, John, ‘Observations on the Hepatitis’, Medical and Philosophical Commentaries, 5 (1777–8), 423–8.
Clayton, John, ‘A letter from Mr John Clayton, Rector of Crofton at Wakefield in Yorkshire, to the Royal Society, 12 May 1688, giving “An Account of several Observables in Virginia, and in his Voyage thither, more particularly concerning the Air”’, Phil. Trans., 17 (1693), 781–95.
Coleman, J. G., ‘Cases of Dysentery, treated in the Hospital of the B Troop, of the 1st Brigade of Horse Artillery, with Observations’, in Madras Government, Madras Medical Reports, 181–97.
Comstock, Joseph, ‘Remarks on the Bilous, or Yellow Fever, with some Hints for the more free and frequent use of Mercurial Medicines therein’, Medical Repository, 4 (1807), 21–7.
Currie, William, ‘An Enquiry into the Causes of the Insalubrity of flat and marshy Situations; and Directions for preventing or correcting the Effects thereof’, Medical and Physical Journal, 6 (1801), 493–501.
da Cunha, J. G., ‘Notes on the Treatment of Cholera and on the Opium Question, with Antiquarian and Historical References to Bombay’, Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay, new series 1 (1882), 77–88.
Dancer, Thomas, ‘Observations on the Contagiousness and Importation of Yellow Fever’, Medical Repository, 1, 2nd series (1804), 247–54.
Davidson, George, ‘Experiments with the Eudiometer, made at Martinique’, Medical and Physical Journal, 2 (1799), 386–7.
Davidson, George, ‘Practical and Diagnostic Observations on Yellow Fever, as it occurs in Martinque, and on the remedial Effects of Calomel and Opium in the same; together with some Remarks on the Glandular Disease of Barbadoes’, in Medical Repository, 2 (1805), 244–52.
Dick, William, ‘Observations on Dropsies prevailing among the Troops in the East Indies’, Medical and Philosophical Commentaries, 6 (1778), 212–13.
Eckard, J. F., ‘Correction of Chisholm's Misstatement respecting the Prevalence of the Malignant Fever at St. Thomas's’, Medical Repository, 2nd series, 1 (1804), 336–8.
Ffrith, S., ‘Practical Remarks on the Similarity of American and Asiatic Fevers, and on the Efficacy of Black Henbane and White Vitriol in curing Intermittent Fevers and Dysentery’, Medical Repository, 4 (1807), 145–8.
Fisher, Miers, ‘Account of a remarkable Change of Colour in a Negro’, Memoirs of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, 5 (1708), 314–18.
Geddes, William, ‘Observations on Dysentery, extracted from the Quarterly Medical Reports of the Right Wing of the Madras European Regiment, with details of Cases of that Disease’, in Madras Government, Madras Medical Reports, 143–80.
Geddes, William, ‘Report on the Sulphate of Quinine’, in Medical Board, Madras Government, Medical Reports, 201–39.
Gillespie, Leonard, ‘An Account of the Means employed on board His Majesty's Sloop Weasel to preserve the Health of the Crew during a Voyage to Africa and the West Indies; with a Reply to some Remarks lately published by M. Chausser, Surgeon at Dijon. Communicated in a Letter to Dr Simmons by Mr Leonard Gillespie, Surgeon (p.315) in the Navy, and late Assistant Surgeon to His Majesty's Naval Hospital at St. Lucia’, Gentleman's Magazine, 57 (1788), 709–10.
Goodeve, H. H., ‘Sketch of Medical Progress in the East’, Quarterly Journal of the Calcutta Medical and Physical Society (1837), 124–56.
Hamilton, Robert, ‘An Account of a successful Method of treating Inflammatory Diseases, by Mercury and Opium’, Medical Commentaries, 9 (1783–4), 191–205.
Henderson, Stewart, ‘An Inquiry into the Causes which produce Disease among the Troops at the Cape of Good Hope, with a view to discover the most effectual Means of Prevention; – to which is added, the Outline of a Plan of Military Hospitals, on a principle and construction tending to introduce a more successful treatment of the Sick’, Medical and Physical Journal, 1 (1799), 455–62.
Jackson, Robert, ‘Some Observations on the Connexion of the new and full Moon with the Invasion and Relapse of Fevers’, London Medical Journal, 8 (1787), 25–33.
Jackson, Robert, ‘Additional Remarks on the supposed Influence of the Moon in Fevers’, London Medical Journal, 8 (1787), 300–4.
Jephson, J., ‘Statistical Report of Sukkur’, Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay, 5 (1842), 80–2.
Johnson, Henry J., ‘A Sketch of the Life, and some Account of the Works, of the late Dr James Johnson’, Medico‐Chirurgical Review and Journal of Practical Medicine, n.s. 3 (1846), 1–48.
Jones, William, ‘Botanical Observations on Select Indian Plants’, Asiatick Researches, 4 (1793–4), 231–303.
Lawrence, J., ‘Cases of Cholera with Observations’, in Medical Board, Madras Government, Medical Reports: Containing Observations on Cholera, Dysentery, the Effects of Sulphate of Quinine as a Remedy of Fever, and on Inflammation of Veins, with the Cases of these Diseases; and Notices relative to the Treatment of Syphilis without Mercury, and the Utility of an Indian Remedy in Ophthalmia (Madras: Government Press, 1831), 64–79.
Lind, James, ‘An Account of the Efficacy of Mercury in the Cure of Inflammatory Diseases, and the Dysentery’, London Medical Journal, 8 (1787), 43–56.
Lind, James, ‘Some Remarks on the supposed Influence of the Moon on Fevers’, London Medical Journal, 8 (1787), 145–7.
Lining, John, ‘Extracts of Two Letters from Dr John Lining, Physician at Charles‐Town in South Carolina to James Jurin, M.D., F.R.S. Giving an Account of Statical Experiments made several Times in a Day upon Himself, for one whole Year, accompanied with Meteorological Observations; to which are subjoined Six General Tables, deduced from the whole Year's Course’, Phil. Trans., 42 (1742–3), 491–509.
Lister, S. W., ‘Report of Cholera Epidemica in the Right Wing of H.M.'s 46th Regiment, Bellary, May 1824’, in Medical Board, Madras, Medical Reports (Madras: Government Press, 1831), 5–9.
Lister, S. W. and Evans, T., ‘Report of Cholera in the 45th Regiment N.I., during the March from Bellary to Hyderabad, etc., in October and November, 1824’, in Madras Medical Board, Medical Reports (Madras: Government Press, 1831), 13–27.
Maclarty, Dr, ‘History of a Case of the Epidemic Fever of Jamaica terminating successfully; in which a very large quantity of Mercury was employed, without any obvious Operation during the Fever’, Annals of Medicine, 1 (1796), 328–33.
Martin, William, ‘Letter to Mr Dacosta, Librarian, &c., to the Royal Society, from Mr William Martin, containing an Extract of a Letter from his Son at Bengal, on the Heat of the Climate’, Phil. Trans., 57 (1767), 217–18.
Mason, Abraham, ‘Extract of a Letter to the Reverend Thomas Birch, D.D., Secretary to the Royal Society, from Mr Abraham Mason of Barbadoes, relating to an extraordinary agitation of the Sea there, 31st of March 1761, and an epidemical Disorder in that Island’, Phil. Trans., 52 (1762), 477–8.
Mitchill, Dr, ‘Thoughts on Quarantines and Lazarettos: addressed to Richard Bayley, Esq., Health Officer of the Port of New York’, Medical Repository, 1st series, 5 (1805), 243–54.
Moore, W., ‘Is the habitual use of Opium in Moderation Injurious?’, Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay, new series 1 (1882), 14–27.
Morehead, C., ‘Notes on the Treatment and Pathology of Intermittent and Remittent Fever as observed in the European General Hospital at Bombay, during the five Years, from July 1838 to July 1843’, Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay, 6 (1843), 170–209.
Mortimer, W., ‘Observations on the Treatment of Dysentery; more especially in reference to the use of Ipecacuan in this Disease, as employed in the General Hospital of Fort St. George, from February 1828, to July 1829’, in Medical Board, Madras Government, Medical Reports, 89–142.
Mouat, J., ‘On the Climate of Bangalore, and the Prevalence of Hepatitis at that Station’, Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Calcutta, 6 (1833), 1–32.
Murray, J., ‘Observations on the good and bad Effects of Calomel in some of the Diseases of India’, Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay, 5 (1842), 145–54.
Neale, Adam, ‘A Letter to a Professor of Medicine in the University of Edinburgh respecting the Nature and Properties of the Mineral Waters of Cheltenham’, in A Collection of all the Papers, relative to the Alleged Adulteration of the Cheltenham Waters, without Comment or Observation, leaving it entirely to the Dispassionate Reader to Make his Observations thereon…to which is added, A Reply by James M'Cabe, M.D. (Cheltenham: G. A. Williams, 1820), unpaginated.
Norton, G., ‘Intermittent Fever’, Madras Journal of Medicine, 1 (1852), 3–8.
O'Shaughnessy, W. B., et al., ‘First Report of the Committee for the Preparation of a Pharmacopoeia for Bengal’, Quarterly Journal of the Medical and Physical Society of Calcutta, 6 (1838), 153–65.
Ovington, John, ‘A Voyage to Suratt in the Year 1689’, in J. P. Guha (ed.), India in the Seventeenth Century. Being an Account of the Two Voyages to India by Ovington and Thevenot. To which is added the Indian Travels of Caveri (New Delhi: Associated Publishing House, 1976), vol. 1 (entire volume).
Priestley, Joseph, ‘Observations on different Kinds of Air’, Phil. Trans., 62 (1772), 147–264.
Priestley, Joseph, ‘On the noxious Quality of the Effluvia of Putrid Marshes’, a letter from Priestley to Pringle, Phil. Trans., 64 (1774), 90–4.
Pringle, John, ‘Some Experiments on Substances resisting Putrefaction’, Phil. Trans., 46 (1750), 480–8, 525–34, 550–8.
Rush, Benjamin, ‘Facts intended to prove the Yellow Fever not to be Contagious, and Instances of its supposed Contagion explained upon other Principles’, Medical Repository, 6 (1803), 155–70.
Ryan, Dennis, ‘Farther Remarks on the Method of treating the Remittent Fevers of the West Indies; with Observations on the best Means of preserving Health in Jamaica’, London Medical Journal, 2 (1782), 63–80.
Scarman, J., ‘Observations on Cholera’, in Madras Government, Madras Medical Reports, 80–6.
Stubbe, Henry, ‘An Enlargement of the Observations, formerly publish'd [on the Caribe Islands], made and generously imparted by that Learn'd and Inquisitive Physitian, Dr Stubbes’, Phil. Trans., 3 (1668), 699–709.
Timoni, Dr, ‘An Account of the Plague at Constantinople’, in S. Miles (ed.), Medical Essays and Observations relating to the Practice of Physic and Surgery (London: S. Birt, 1745), vol. 2, 69–76.
Trotter, Thomas, ‘On the Means of Destroying Contagion,’ Medical and Physical Journal, 3 (1800), 245–7.
Vage, T., ‘Criticism on the Treatment of the Venereal Disease’, Medical and Physical Journal, 3 (May 1800), 465.
van Linschoten, J. H., ‘Observations of the East Indies’ (1583), in J. T. Wheeler (ed.), Early Travels in India (16th and 17th Centuries). Reprints of Rare and Curious Narratives of Old Travellers in India, in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries (New Delhi: Deep Publications, 1964), 161–228.
Vernati, Philberto, ‘Of the Nature of a certain Stone, found in the Indies, in the Head of a Serpent’, Phil. Trans., 57 (1767), 102–3.
Watson, John, ‘Some Observations on the Diseases that occurred on Board the Ship Europa, in the Service of the Hon. East India Company, during a Voyage from England to and from Madras and Bengal’, Medical Facts and Observations, 5 (1794), 20–43.
Whytt, Robert, ‘Observations on the Nature, Causes, and Cure of those Disorders which are commonly called Nervous, Hypochondriac, or Hysteric’, in Works (Edinburgh: T. Becket and P. A. De Hondt, 1768), 646–7.
Wise, T. A., ‘Observations on the Vitality of the Blood’, India Journal of Medical Science, 1 (1834), 154–8.
Wright, William, ‘Description of the Jesuit's Bark Tree of Jamaica and the Caribbees’, Phil. Trans., 67 (1777), 504–12.
Wright, William, ‘Practical Observations on the Treatment of Acute Diseases; particularly those of the West Indies’, Medical Facts and Observations, 7 (1797), 1–25.
Newspapers and periodicals
Annals of Medicine
Bath and Cheltenham Gazette
India Journal of Medical Science
Jamaica Physical Journal
Journal of Practical Medicine
Journals of the Assembly of Jamaica
London Medical Journal
London Medical Repository
Madras Journal of Medicine
Madras Quarterly Medical Journal, Medical Commentaries
Medical and Philosophical Commentaries
Medical and Physical Journal
Medical Facts and Observations
Memoirs of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Calcutta
Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay
Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
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Haakonssen, Lisabeth, Medicine and Morals in the Enlightenment: John Gregory, Thomas Percival and Benjamin Rush (Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi Press, 1997).
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Hamlin, Christopher, Public Health and Social Justice in the Age of Chadwick: Britain, 1800–1854 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).
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Harrison, Mark, Public Health in British India: Anglo‐Indian Preventive Medicine, 1859–1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).
Harrison, Mark, Climates and Constitutions: Health, Race, Environment and British Imperialism in India, 1600–1859 (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1999).
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Kiple, Kenneth F. (ed.), The African Exchange: Towards a Biological History of Black People (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1987).
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Kumar, Deepak, Science and the Raj 1857–1905 (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1995).
La Berge, Ann F., Mission and Method: The Early Nineteenth‐Century French Public Health Movement (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).
Lane Furdell, Elizabeth, The Royal Doctors 1485–1714: Medical Personnel at the Tudor and Stuart Courts (Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2001).
Langford, Paul, A Polite and Commercial People: England, 1727–1783 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989).
Langford, Paul, Public Life and the Propertied Englishman, 1689–1798 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991).
Laquer, Thomas, Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud (Cambridge, Mass. and London: Harvard University Press, 1990).
Lawrence, Christopher, Medicine and the Making of Modern Britain 1700–1920 (London: Routledge, 1994).
Lawrence, Susan, Charitable Knowledge: Hospital Pupils and Practitioners in Eighteenth‐Century London (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Leach, Douglas, Roots of Conflict: British Armed Forces and Colonial Americans, 1677–1763 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986).
Lindeboom, G. A., Hermann Boerhaave: The Man and His Work (London: Methuen, 1968).
Lindeboom, G. A., Boerhaave and Great Britain: Three Lectures on Boerhaave with Particular Reference to His Relations with Great Britain (Leiden: Brill, 1974).
Livingstone, David N., Putting Science in its Place: Geographies of Scientific Knowledge (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2003).
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Lloyd, G. E. R. (ed.), Hippocratic Writings (London: Penguin, 1983).
Lorimer, Douglas A., Colour, Class and the Victorians: English Attitudes to the Negro in the Mid‐Nineteenth Century (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1978).
Loudon, Irvine, Medical Care and the General Practitioner, 1750–1850 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986).
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Maehle, A.‐H., Drugs on Trial: Experimental Pharmacology and Therapeutic Innovation in the Eighteenth Century (Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi, 1999).
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Articles and book chapters
Ackerknecht, Erwin H., ‘Anticontagionism between 1821 and 1867’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 22 (1948), 562–93.
Alsop, J. D., ‘Warfare and the Creation of British Imperial Medicine, 1600–1800’, in Hudson (ed.), British Military and Naval Medicine, 23–50.
Arnold, David, ‘India's Place in the Tropical World, 1770–1930’, Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 26 (1998), 1–21.
Austin, P. B., rev. Herrick, Claire, ‘Barker, John (1708–1749), physician’, DNB.
Bailey, Eva, ‘Cheltenham and the Indian Connection’, Cheltenham Local History Society Journal, 14 (1998), 48–51.
Barfoot, Michael, ‘Brunonianism under the Bed: An Alternative to University Medicine in Edinburgh in the 1780s’, in Bynum and Porter (eds.), Brunonianism, 22–43.
Bartholemew, Michael, ‘Lind, James (1716–1794)’, DNB.
Bates, Don G., ‘Thomas Willis and the Fevers Literature of the Seventeenth Century’, in Bynum and Nutton (eds.), Theories of Fever, 45–70.
Birken, William, ‘The Dissenting Tradition in English Medicine of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries’, Medical History, 39 (1995), 197–218.
Blair, J. S. G., ‘Pringle, Sir John (1707–1782)’, DNB.
Boomgaard, Peter, ‘Dutch Medicine in Asia, 1600–1900’, in D. Arnold (ed.), Warm Climates and Western Medicine (Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi, 1996), 42–64.
Booth, Christopher C., ‘William Hillary, Pupil of Boerhaave’, Medical History, 7 (1963), 297–315.
Booth, Christopher C., ‘Hillary, William (1697–1763)’, DNB.
Boulger, G. S., rev. Patrick Wallis, ‘Russell, Alexander (1714–1768)’, DNB.
Boxer, C. R., ‘Two Pioneers of Tropical Medicine: Garcia d'Orta and Nicolas Monardes’, Diamante, 14 (1963), 1–36.
Brockliss, Laurence, ‘Before the Clinic: French Medical Teaching in the Eighteenth Century’, in La Berge and Hannaway (eds.), Constructing Paris Medicine, 71–115.
Brod, Manfred, ‘Thomas Trapham, surgeon (?–1683)’, Abingdon Area Archaeological and Historical Society, Newsletter, Spring 2005, 〈http://www.AAAHS.org.uk〉.
Brown, Michael, ‘Making Sense of Modernity's Maladies: Health and Disease in the Industrial Revolution’, Endeavour, 30 (2006), 108–12.
Brown, Michael, ‘Medicine, Quackery and the Free Market: The “War” against Morison's Pills and the Construction of the Medical Profession, c. 1830–c. 1850’, in M. S. R. Jenner and P. Wallis (eds.), Medicine and the Market in England and its Colonies (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2007).
Brown, Michael, ‘From Foetid Air to Filth: The Cultural Transformation of British Epidemiological Thought, ca. 1780–1848’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 82 (2008), 515–44.
Brown, Theodore M., ‘The College of Physicians and the Acceptance of Iatromechanism in England, 1665–1695’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 44 (1970), 12–30.
Brunton, Deborah, ‘Moseley, James (1742–1819)’, DNB.
Bynum, W. F., ‘Cullen and the Study of Fevers in Britain, 1760–1820’, in W. F. Bynum and V. Nutton (eds.), Theories of Fever from Antiquity to the Enlightenment, Medical History Supplement, No.1 (London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1981), 135–48.
Bynum, W. F., ‘Treating the Wages of Sin: Venereal Disease and Specialism in Eighteenth‐Century Britain’, in W. F. Bynum and Roy Porter (eds.), Medical Fringe and Medical Orthodoxy 1750–1850 (London: Croom Helm, 1987), 5–28.
Bynum, W. F., ‘Cullen, William (1710–1790)’, DNB.
Carey, Daniel, ‘Compiling Nature's History: Travellers and Travel Narratives in the Early Royal Society’, Annals of Science, 54 (1997), 269–92.
Chakrabarti, Pratik, ‘ “Neither of meate nor drinke, but what the Doctor alloweth”: Medicine amidst War and Commerce in Eighteenth‐Century Madras’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 80 (2006), 1–38.
Chitnis, A. C., ‘Medical Education in Edinburgh, 1790–1826, and Some Victorian Social Consequences’, Medical History, 17 (1973), 173–85.
Christie, J. R. R., ‘The Origins and Development of the Scottish Scientific Community, 1680–1760’, History of Science, 12 (1974), 122–41.
(p.330) Cleruzio, Antonio, ‘From Van Helmont to Boyle: A Study of the Transmission of Helmontian Chemical and Medical Theories in Seventeenth‐Century England’, British Journal for the History of Science, 26 (1993), 303–34.
Cook, Harold J., ‘Practical Medicine in the British Armed Forces after the “Glorious Revolution” ’, Medical History, 34 (1979), 1–26.
Cook, Harold J., ‘Physicians and the New Philosophy: Henry Stubbe and the Virtuosi‐Physicians’, in French and Cunningham (eds.), Medical Revolution, 246–71.
Cook, Harold J., ‘The Society of Chemical Physicians, the New Philosophy, and the Restoration Court’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 61 (1987), 61–77.
Cook, Harold J., ‘Sydenham, Thomas (bap. 1624, d. 1689), physician’, DNB.
Cook, Harold J., ‘Global Economies and Local Knowledge in the East Indies: Jacobus Bontius Learns the Facts of Nature’, in L. Schiebinger and C. Swan (eds.), Colonial Botany: Science, Commerce, and Politics in the Early Modern World (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005), 100–18.
Cooter, Roger, ‘Anticontagionism and History's Medical Record’, in P. Wright and A. Treacher (eds.), The Problem of Medical Knowledge: Examining the Social Construction of Medicine (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1982), 87–108.
Copper, Thompson, rev. Wallis, Patrick, ‘Lind, James (1736–1812)’, DNB.
Cosgrove, Denis, ‘Tropic and Tropicality’, in F. Driver and L. Martins (eds.), Tropical Visions in an Age of Empire (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2005), 197–216.
Craton, Michael, ‘Dr John Quier’, Jamaica Journal, 8 (1974), 44–7.
Creighton, Charles, rev. Reznick, Jeffery S., ‘Bancroft, Edward Nathaniel (1772–1842)’, DNB.
Crimmin, P. K., ‘The Sick and Hurt Board and the Health of Seamen, c. 1770–1806’, Journal of Maritime Research, 4 (1999), 83–115.
Cunningham, Andrew, ‘Sydenham versus Newton: The Edinburgh Fever Dispute of the 1690s between Andrew Brown and Archibald Pitcairne’, in W. F. Bynum and V. Nutton, Theories of Fever from Antiquity to the Enlightenment: Medical History, Supplement No.1 (London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1981), 71–98.
Cunningham, Andrew, ‘Thomas Sydenham and the “Good Old Cause”’, in R. French and A. Wear (eds.), The Medical Revolution of the Seventeenth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), 164–90.
Cunningham, Andrew, ‘The Transformation of Hippocrates in Seventeenth‐Century Britain’, in D. Cantor (ed.), Reinventing Hippocrates (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002), 91–115.
Cunningham, Andrew, ‘Medicine to Calm the Mind: Boerhaave's Medical System, and Why It Was Adopted in Edinburgh’, in Andrew Cunningham and R. French (eds.), The Medical Enlightenment of the Eighteenth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990), 40–66.
Curtin, Philip D., ‘The White Man's Grave: Image and Reality, 1780–1850’, Journal of British Studies, 1 (1961), 64–110.
Daston, Lorrain, ‘The Ideal and Reality of the Republic of Letters in the Enlightenment’, Science in Context, 4 (1991), 367–86.
De Lacy, Margaret, ‘Currie, James (1756–1805)’, DNB.
De Lacy, Margaret, ‘Fothergill, John (1712–1780)’, DNB.
(p.331) Deacon, Harriet, ‘The Politics of Medical Topography: Seeking Healthiness at the Cape during the Nineteenth Century’, in R. Wrigley and G. Revill (eds.), Pathologies of Travel (Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi, 2000), 279–98.
Dettlebach, Michael, ‘The Stimulations of Travel: Humboldt's Physiological Construction of the Tropics’, in F. Driver and L. Martins (eds.), Tropical Visions in an Age of Empire (Chicago and London: Chicago University Press, 2005), 43–58.
Drayton, Richard, ‘Maritime Networks and the Making of Knowledge’, in D. Cannadine (ed.), Empire, the Sea and Global History: Britain's Maritime World, c. 1763–c. 1840 (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2007), 72–82.
Drescher, Seymour, ‘The Ending of the Slave Trade and the Evolution of European Racism’, Social Science History, 14 (1990), 415–50.
Endersby, Jim, ‘A Garden Enclosed: Botanical Barter in Sydney, 1818–39’, British Journal for the History of Science, 33 (2000), 313–34.
Ernst, Waltraud, ‘Colonial Policies, Racial Politics and the Development of Psychiatric Institutions in Early Nineteenth‐Century British India’, in W. Ernst and B. Harris (eds.), Race, Science and Medicine, 1700–1960 (London: Routledge, 1999), 80–100.
Feingold, Mordechai, ‘Stubbe [Stubbes, Stubb], Henry (1632–1676), author and physician’, DNB.
Figlio, Karl, ‘Theories of Perception and the Physiology of Mind in the Late Eighteenth Century’, History of Science, 13 (1975), 177–212.
Fitzpatrick, Martin, ‘Latitudinarianism at the Parting of the Ways: A Suggestion’, in John Walsh, Colin Haydon, and Stephen Taylor (eds.), The Church of England, c. 1689–c. 1833: From Toleration to Tractarianism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993), 209–27.
Foucault, Michel, ‘The Politics of Health in the Eighteenth Century’, in C. Gordon (ed.), Michel Foucault: Power/Knowledge. Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972–1977, (Brighton: Harvester Press, 1980), 166–82.
Friesen, John, ‘Archibald Pitcairne, David Gregory and the Scottish Origins of English Tory Newtonianism, 1688–1715’, History of Science, 61 (2003), 163–91.
Frost, Alan, ‘The Antipodean Exchange: European Horticulture and Imperial Designs’, in D. P. Miller and P. H. Reil (eds.), Visions of Empire: Voyages, Botany and Representations of Nature (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996), 58–79.
Gascoigne, John, ‘Anglican Latitudinarianism, Rational Dissent and Political Radicalism in the Late Eighteenth Century’, in Knud Haakonssen (ed.), Enlightenment and Religion: Rational Dissent in Eighteenth‐Century England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996), 219–40.
Geggus, David, ‘Yellow Fever in the 1790s: The British Army in Occupied St Domingue’, Medical History, 23 (1979), 38–58.
Goldenberg, David M., ‘The Development of the Idea of Race: Classical Paradigms and Medieval Elaborations’, International Journal of the Classical Tradition, 5 (1999), 561–70.
Goodwin, Gordon, rev. Reznick, Jeffrey S., ‘Chisholm, Colin (c. 1747–1825)’, DNB.
Goodwin, Gordon, rev. Carter, Philip, ‘Fryer, John (d. 1733), traveller and writer’, DNB.
Goulding, Christopher, ‘The Real Doctor Frankenstein?’, Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 95 (2002), 257–9.
Guerrini, Anita, ‘Archibald Pitcairne and Newtonian Medicine’, Medical History, 31 (1987), 70–83.
Guerrini, Anita, ‘Isaac Newton, George Cheyne and the “Principia Medicinae”’, in Roger French and Andrew Wear (eds.), The Medical Revolution of the Seventeenth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), 222–45.
Harris, Steven J., ‘Long‐Distance Corporations, Big Sciences, and the Geography of Knowledge’, Configurations (Spring 1998), 6, 269–304.
Harrison, Mark, ‘Medicine and the Management of Modern Warfare’, History of Science, 34 (1996), 379–410.
Harrison, Mark, ‘ “The Tender Frame of Man”: Disease, Climate and Racial Difference in India and the West Indies, 1760–1860’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 70 (1996), 68–93.
Harrison, Mark, ‘From Medical Astrology to Medical Astronomy: Sol‐Lunar and Planetary Theories of Disease in British Medicine, c. 1700–1850’, British Journal for the History of Science, 33 (2000), 25–48.
Harrison, Mark, ‘Was There an Oriental Renaissance in Medicine? The Evidence of the Nineteenth‐Century Medical Press’, in D. Finklestein and D. M. Peers (eds.), Negotiating India in the Nineteenth‐Century Media (London: Macmillan, 2000), 233–53.
Harrison, Mark, ‘Medicine and Orientalism: Perspectives on Europe's Encounter with Indian Medical Systems’, in Harrison and Pati (eds.), Health, Medicine and Empire, 37–87.
Harrison, Mark, ‘Science and the British Empire’, Isis, 96 (2005), 56–63.
Harrison, Mark, ‘Disease, Diplomacy and International Commerce: The Origins of International Sanitary Regulation in the Nineteenth Century’, Journal of Global History, 1 (2006), 197–217.
Harrison, Mark, ‘Disease and Medicine in the Armies of British India, 1750–1830: The Treatment of Fevers and the Emergence of Tropical Therapeutics’, in Hudson (ed.), British Military and Naval Medicine, 87–120.
Harrison, Mark, ‘Racial Pathologies: Morbid Anatomy in British India, 1770–1850’, in B. Pati and M. Harrison (eds.), The Social History of Health and Medicine in Colonial India (Hyderabad: Orient Longman, 2008), 173–94.
Harrison, Mark, ‘Medical Experimentation in British India: The Case of Dr Helenus Scott’, in H. Ebrahimnejad (ed.), The Development of Modern Medicine in Non‐Western Countries: Historical Perspectives (London: Routledge, 2009), 23–41.
Harrison, Mark, ‘Introduction’, in M. Harrison, M. Jones, and H. Sweet (eds.), From Western Medicine to Global Medicine: The Hospital Beyond the West (Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2009), 1–32.
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