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Medicine in an age of Commerce and EmpireBritain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830$

Mark Harrison

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199577736

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.001.0001

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(p.293) Bibliography

(p.293) Bibliography

Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire
Oxford University Press

Primary Sources

Archives and manuscripts

Great Britain

Aberdeen Medico‐Chirurgical Society, University of Aberdeen

Papers of Sir James McGrigor

Birmingham City Archives

Papers of James Watt

Bristol Record Office

Letters of George Clement

Papers of Rev. Thomas Morris

British Library

Asia, Pacific and African Collections:

Bengal Military Consultations

Bengal Public Proceedings

East India Company Marine

India Home Consultations

Madras Public Proceedings (Consultations)

European Manuscripts:

Manuscript of S. K. Bhuyan

Cruso papers

Papers of Sir Paul Jodrell

Papers of Col. John MacDonald

Letters from Dr Francis Maxwell

Diary of Kenneth Murchison

Raleigh papers

Papers of William Roxburgh

Spilsbury letters

Papers of J. C. Wade

Papers of H. H. Wilson

Add. MSS:

Correspondence of Sir Joseph Banks

Papers of Lord Dropmore

Derbyshire Record Office

(p.294) Fitzherbert of Tissington Papers

Gloucestershire County Record Office

Papers of Capt. Richard Barlow

Correspondence of C. L. Davies

Dickinson family correspondence

Ducarel family papers

Memorandum of Mr Fortesque's Services in India

Returns of His Majesty's Forces, October 1767

Correspondence of the Huntley family

Papers of the Sotherton‐Estcourt family

Hampshire County Record Office

Papers of the Earl of Malmesbury

Herefordshire Record Office

Correspondence of Henry Smith

Lincolnshire Archives

Papers collected by Sir Francis Hill

The National Archives

ADM 1/232

ADM 101

ADM 1/235

National Maritime Museum


F/7 CL

Natural History Museum

Papers of William Roxburgh

Plymouth and West Devon Record Office

Minutes and memoranda of Capt. Richard Creyke

John Glennys Papers

Robinson Library, Special Collections, University of Newcastle

Hospital Archives

Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh

Anon, ‘An Essay on the Hypochondriac Disease’

Papers of William Cullen

Papers of Sir John Pringle

Papers of William Roxburgh

Papers of Partick Russell

Lecture notes of Robert Whytt

Sheffield City Archives

Wentworth Woodhouse Muniments

(p.295) University of Glasgow Library, Special Collections

MS Cullen

University of Nottingham

Bentinck Papers

Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine

Western Manuscript Collection:

Papers of Sir George Ballingall

Collection of Nicolas Chervin

V. O. Gouraud, Memorandum on the French military hospital service

Papers of M. J. de Herrate

Papers of William Cuming

Papers of John Fothergill

Papers of Martin de Sesse y Lacasta

Letters of Lord George Macartney

Charles Middleton, Reports on Haslar Hospital

Journal of Surgeon Pigot

Commonplace book of Thomas Thomson

Royal Army Medical Corps Muniment Collection:

Alexander Allan Cormack (ed.), The Mahratta Wars 1792–1805: Letters from the Front by Three Brothers – Nicholas, George and Thomas Carnegie of Charleton, Montrose

William Fergusson, letters

William Fergusson, reports on hospitals in the West Indies

West Sussex Record Office

Goodwood MSS

Wiltshire and Swindon Record Office

Letters from Sir Paul Jodrell


Maharashtra State Archives

Bombay, Hospital Board Diary

Public Department Diary

Tamil Nadu State Archives

Surgeon General's Records, Madras

West Bengal State Archives

Judicial (Criminal) Consultations


National Library of Jamaica, Special Collections

Hospital records, 1739–48

(p.296) united states of america

American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia

Girard papers

Green Library, Stanford University

Correspondence of Thomas de St Laurent

Lilly Library, University of Indiana, Bloomington

Wyndham MSS

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von Troil, Uno, Letters on Iceland, containing Observations on the Civil, Literary, Ecclesiastical, and Natural History; Antiquities, Volcanos, Basaltes, Hot Springs, Customs, Dress, Manners of the Inhabitants, &c., &c. (London: W. Richardson, 1780).

Wade, John P., Select Evidences of a Successful Method of Treating Fever and Dysentery in Bengal, 2 vols (London: John Murray, 1791).

Wade, John P., Nature and Effects of Emetics, Purgatives, Mercurials, and Low Diet, in Disorders of Bengal and Similar Latitudes (London: John Murray, 1792).

Wade, John P., A Paper on the Prevention and Treatment of the Disorders of Seamen and Soldiers in Bengal (London: John Murray, 1793).

Ward, William, A View of the History, Literature, and Mythology, of the Hindoos: Including a minute Description of their Manners and Customs, and Translations from their Principal Works, 2 vols (Serampore: Mission Press, 1818).

Warren, Henry, A Treatise concerning the Malignant Fever in Barbados, and the neighbouring Islands: with an Account of the Seasons there, from the Year 1734 to 1738, in a Letter to Dr Mead (London: Fletcher Gyles, 1740).

Watson, Alexander, Dissertatio medica inauguralis quaedem de febre Bataviae (Edinburgh: A. Smellie, 1819).

Watt, Jacob T. B., Dissertatio medica inauguralis, quaedam de dysenteria complectens (Edinburgh: G. Creech, 1809).

White, Gulielmus, Dissertation medica inauguralis de febre remittente (Batavia: S. J. Luchtmans, 1775).

Willis, Thomas, Diatribe duae Medico‐Philosophicae: Quarum prior agit de Fermentione, sive de motu intestine particularum in quovis corpore; altera de Febrius, sive de motu earundem in sanguine Animalium. His accessit Dissertatio Epistolica de Urinis (Amsterdam: Gerbrandus Schaghen, 1663).

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Articles and book chapters

Addison, Thomas, ‘The Pleasures of the Imagination’, in A. Ross (ed.), Selections from The Tatler and The Spectator of Steele and Addison (London: Penguin, 1982), 364–406.

Annesley, James, ‘Medical Observations’, in H. Murray et al. (eds.), Histories and Descriptive Statements of British India (Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 1832), 353–67.

(p.313) Anon., ‘An Account of the Success of Inoculation for the Small‐Pox at Jamaica’, in John Quier, Thomas Fraser, John Hume, George Monro, Ambrose Dawson, and Dr Dodsell, Letters and Essays on the Small‐Pox and Inoculation, the Measles, the Dry Bell‐Ache, the Yellow, and Remitting, and Intermitting Fevers of the West Indies.…By Different Practitioners (London: John Murray, 1778).

Anon., ‘The Process suggested by James Charmichael Smyth, M.D., F.R.S., for determining the Effect of the Nitric Acid in destroying Contagion. Extracted from an Account of the Experiment made by the Desire of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty on Board the Union Hospital Ship, 1796’, Philosophical Magazine, 2 (1798), 68–73.

Anon., ‘Review of William Fowle's Practical Treatise on the Different Fevers of the West Indies (1800)’, in Medical and Physical Journal, 4 (1800), 354.

Arnott, F. S., ‘Report on the Health of the 1st Bombay European Regiment (Fusiliers), from 1st April 1846 to 31st March 1854’, Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay, 2nd series, 2 (1854–5), 102–211.

Atkinson, J., ‘Popular Notions on Health and Disease Examined’, India Journal of Medical Science, 1 (1834), 113–15.

Balfour, Francis, ‘Observations respecting the remarkable Effects of Sol‐Lunar Influence in the Fevers of India; with the Scheme of an Astronomical Ephemeris for the Purposes of Medicine and Meteorology’, Asiatick Researches, 8 (1808), 21–2.

Bell, J., ‘Special Report upon the Sulphate of Quina’, in Madras Government, Madras Medical Reports, 257–8.

Blane, Gilbert, ‘On the Comparative Health of the British Navy, from the Year 1779 to the Year 1814, with Proposals for its farther Improvement’, in idem, Select Dissertations, 1–64.

Blane, Gilbert, ‘On the Medical Service of the Fleet in the West Indies in the Year 1782’, in idem, Select Dissertations, 65–86.

Blane, Gilbert, ‘Warning to the British Public against the Alarming Approach of the Indian Cholera’, in Cholera Morbus: Its Causes, Prevention, and Cure: with Disquisitions on the Contagious or Non‐Contagious Nature of this dreadful Malady, by Sir Henry Holford, Sir Gilbert Blane, and eminent Birmingham Physicians, and the Lancet, and Medical Gazette, together with ample Directions regarding it, by the College of Physicians and Board of Health (Glasgow: W. R. M'Phan, 1831), 9–21.

Blumenbach, J., ‘On the Possibility of Casual Mutilations in the Bodies of Animals becoming in the Course of Time hereditary Marks of Distinction’, Philosophical Magazine, 4 (1799), 1–2.

Caveri, Gernelli, ‘A Voyage round the World by Dr John Francis Gernelli Caveri, containing the most remarkable Things he saw in Indostan’, in J. P. Guha (ed.), India in the Seventeenth Century. Being an Account of the two Voyages to India by Ovington and Thevenot. To which is added the Indian Travels of Caveri (New Delhi: Associated Publishing House, 1976), vol. 2, 189–335.

Cawley, Thomas, ‘An Account of the Dysentery, as it appeared among His Majesty's Troops in Jamaica during the late War; with Dissections explaining the proximate Cause of that Disease; and a more simple and efficacious Method of Treatment thence resulting described’, London Medical Journal, 7 (1786), 337–71.

(p.314) Chisholm, Colin, ‘An Account of the Cachexia Africana’, Medical and Physical Journal, 2 (1799), 172–3.

Clark, John, ‘Observations on the Hepatitis’, Medical and Philosophical Commentaries, 5 (1777–8), 423–8.

Clayton, John, ‘A letter from Mr John Clayton, Rector of Crofton at Wakefield in Yorkshire, to the Royal Society, 12 May 1688, giving “An Account of several Observables in Virginia, and in his Voyage thither, more particularly concerning the Air”’, Phil. Trans., 17 (1693), 781–95.

Coleman, J. G., ‘Cases of Dysentery, treated in the Hospital of the B Troop, of the 1st Brigade of Horse Artillery, with Observations’, in Madras Government, Madras Medical Reports, 181–97.

Comstock, Joseph, ‘Remarks on the Bilous, or Yellow Fever, with some Hints for the more free and frequent use of Mercurial Medicines therein’, Medical Repository, 4 (1807), 21–7.

Currie, William, ‘An Enquiry into the Causes of the Insalubrity of flat and marshy Situations; and Directions for preventing or correcting the Effects thereof’, Medical and Physical Journal, 6 (1801), 493–501.

da Cunha, J. G., ‘Notes on the Treatment of Cholera and on the Opium Question, with Antiquarian and Historical References to Bombay’, Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay, new series 1 (1882), 77–88.

Dancer, Thomas, ‘Observations on the Contagiousness and Importation of Yellow Fever’, Medical Repository, 1, 2nd series (1804), 247–54.

Davidson, George, ‘Experiments with the Eudiometer, made at Martinique’, Medical and Physical Journal, 2 (1799), 386–7.

Davidson, George, ‘Practical and Diagnostic Observations on Yellow Fever, as it occurs in Martinque, and on the remedial Effects of Calomel and Opium in the same; together with some Remarks on the Glandular Disease of Barbadoes’, in Medical Repository, 2 (1805), 244–52.

Dick, William, ‘Observations on Dropsies prevailing among the Troops in the East Indies’, Medical and Philosophical Commentaries, 6 (1778), 212–13.

Eckard, J. F., ‘Correction of Chisholm's Misstatement respecting the Prevalence of the Malignant Fever at St. Thomas's’, Medical Repository, 2nd series, 1 (1804), 336–8.

Ffrith, S., ‘Practical Remarks on the Similarity of American and Asiatic Fevers, and on the Efficacy of Black Henbane and White Vitriol in curing Intermittent Fevers and Dysentery’, Medical Repository, 4 (1807), 145–8.

Fisher, Miers, ‘Account of a remarkable Change of Colour in a Negro’, Memoirs of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, 5 (1708), 314–18.

Geddes, William, ‘Observations on Dysentery, extracted from the Quarterly Medical Reports of the Right Wing of the Madras European Regiment, with details of Cases of that Disease’, in Madras Government, Madras Medical Reports, 143–80.

Geddes, William, ‘Report on the Sulphate of Quinine’, in Medical Board, Madras Government, Medical Reports, 201–39.

Gillespie, Leonard, ‘An Account of the Means employed on board His Majesty's Sloop Weasel to preserve the Health of the Crew during a Voyage to Africa and the West Indies; with a Reply to some Remarks lately published by M. Chausser, Surgeon at Dijon. Communicated in a Letter to Dr Simmons by Mr Leonard Gillespie, Surgeon (p.315) in the Navy, and late Assistant Surgeon to His Majesty's Naval Hospital at St. Lucia’, Gentleman's Magazine, 57 (1788), 709–10.

Goodeve, H. H., ‘Sketch of Medical Progress in the East’, Quarterly Journal of the Calcutta Medical and Physical Society (1837), 124–56.

Hamilton, Robert, ‘An Account of a successful Method of treating Inflammatory Diseases, by Mercury and Opium’, Medical Commentaries, 9 (1783–4), 191–205.

Henderson, Stewart, ‘An Inquiry into the Causes which produce Disease among the Troops at the Cape of Good Hope, with a view to discover the most effectual Means of Prevention; – to which is added, the Outline of a Plan of Military Hospitals, on a principle and construction tending to introduce a more successful treatment of the Sick’, Medical and Physical Journal, 1 (1799), 455–62.

Jackson, Robert, ‘Some Observations on the Connexion of the new and full Moon with the Invasion and Relapse of Fevers’, London Medical Journal, 8 (1787), 25–33.

Jackson, Robert, ‘Additional Remarks on the supposed Influence of the Moon in Fevers’, London Medical Journal, 8 (1787), 300–4.

Jephson, J., ‘Statistical Report of Sukkur’, Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay, 5 (1842), 80–2.

Johnson, Henry J., ‘A Sketch of the Life, and some Account of the Works, of the late Dr James Johnson’, Medico‐Chirurgical Review and Journal of Practical Medicine, n.s. 3 (1846), 1–48.

Jones, William, ‘Botanical Observations on Select Indian Plants’, Asiatick Researches, 4 (1793–4), 231–303.

Lawrence, J., ‘Cases of Cholera with Observations’, in Medical Board, Madras Government, Medical Reports: Containing Observations on Cholera, Dysentery, the Effects of Sulphate of Quinine as a Remedy of Fever, and on Inflammation of Veins, with the Cases of these Diseases; and Notices relative to the Treatment of Syphilis without Mercury, and the Utility of an Indian Remedy in Ophthalmia (Madras: Government Press, 1831), 64–79.

Lind, James, ‘An Account of the Efficacy of Mercury in the Cure of Inflammatory Diseases, and the Dysentery’, London Medical Journal, 8 (1787), 43–56.

Lind, James, ‘Some Remarks on the supposed Influence of the Moon on Fevers’, London Medical Journal, 8 (1787), 145–7.

Lining, John, ‘Extracts of Two Letters from Dr John Lining, Physician at Charles‐Town in South Carolina to James Jurin, M.D., F.R.S. Giving an Account of Statical Experiments made several Times in a Day upon Himself, for one whole Year, accompanied with Meteorological Observations; to which are subjoined Six General Tables, deduced from the whole Year's Course’, Phil. Trans., 42 (1742–3), 491–509.

Lister, S. W., ‘Report of Cholera Epidemica in the Right Wing of H.M.'s 46th Regiment, Bellary, May 1824’, in Medical Board, Madras, Medical Reports (Madras: Government Press, 1831), 5–9.

Lister, S. W. and Evans, T., ‘Report of Cholera in the 45th Regiment N.I., during the March from Bellary to Hyderabad, etc., in October and November, 1824’, in Madras Medical Board, Medical Reports (Madras: Government Press, 1831), 13–27.

Maclarty, Dr, ‘History of a Case of the Epidemic Fever of Jamaica terminating successfully; in which a very large quantity of Mercury was employed, without any obvious Operation during the Fever’, Annals of Medicine, 1 (1796), 328–33.

(p.316) Malcolmson, J. G., ‘Report on the Use of Quinine in Fever, in the “A” Troop 1st Horse Brigade, and 1st Battalion of Artillery’, in Madras Medical Reports, (1831), 240–6.

Martin, William, ‘Letter to Mr Dacosta, Librarian, &c., to the Royal Society, from Mr William Martin, containing an Extract of a Letter from his Son at Bengal, on the Heat of the Climate’, Phil. Trans., 57 (1767), 217–18.

Mason, Abraham, ‘Extract of a Letter to the Reverend Thomas Birch, D.D., Secretary to the Royal Society, from Mr Abraham Mason of Barbadoes, relating to an extraordinary agitation of the Sea there, 31st of March 1761, and an epidemical Disorder in that Island’, Phil. Trans., 52 (1762), 477–8.

Mitchill, Dr, ‘Thoughts on Quarantines and Lazarettos: addressed to Richard Bayley, Esq., Health Officer of the Port of New York’, Medical Repository, 1st series, 5 (1805), 243–54.

Moore, W., ‘Is the habitual use of Opium in Moderation Injurious?’, Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay, new series 1 (1882), 14–27.

Morehead, C., ‘Notes on the Treatment and Pathology of Intermittent and Remittent Fever as observed in the European General Hospital at Bombay, during the five Years, from July 1838 to July 1843’, Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay, 6 (1843), 170–209.

Mortimer, W., ‘Observations on the Treatment of Dysentery; more especially in reference to the use of Ipecacuan in this Disease, as employed in the General Hospital of Fort St. George, from February 1828, to July 1829’, in Medical Board, Madras Government, Medical Reports, 89–142.

Mouat, J., ‘On the Climate of Bangalore, and the Prevalence of Hepatitis at that Station’, Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Calcutta, 6 (1833), 1–32.

Murray, J., ‘Observations on the good and bad Effects of Calomel in some of the Diseases of India’, Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay, 5 (1842), 145–54.

Neale, Adam, ‘A Letter to a Professor of Medicine in the University of Edinburgh respecting the Nature and Properties of the Mineral Waters of Cheltenham’, in A Collection of all the Papers, relative to the Alleged Adulteration of the Cheltenham Waters, without Comment or Observation, leaving it entirely to the Dispassionate Reader to Make his Observations thereon…to which is added, A Reply by James M'Cabe, M.D. (Cheltenham: G. A. Williams, 1820), unpaginated.

Norton, G., ‘Intermittent Fever’, Madras Journal of Medicine, 1 (1852), 3–8.

O'Shaughnessy, W. B., et al., ‘First Report of the Committee for the Preparation of a Pharmacopoeia for Bengal’, Quarterly Journal of the Medical and Physical Society of Calcutta, 6 (1838), 153–65.

Ovington, John, ‘A Voyage to Suratt in the Year 1689’, in J. P. Guha (ed.), India in the Seventeenth Century. Being an Account of the Two Voyages to India by Ovington and Thevenot. To which is added the Indian Travels of Caveri (New Delhi: Associated Publishing House, 1976), vol. 1 (entire volume).

Priestley, Joseph, ‘Observations on different Kinds of Air’, Phil. Trans., 62 (1772), 147–264.

Priestley, Joseph, ‘On the noxious Quality of the Effluvia of Putrid Marshes’, a letter from Priestley to Pringle, Phil. Trans., 64 (1774), 90–4.

Pringle, John, ‘Some Experiments on Substances resisting Putrefaction’, Phil. Trans., 46 (1750), 480–8, 525–34, 550–8.

(p.317) Rule, John, ‘Considerations on the Origin, Causes and Character of Yellow Fever, as it appears in the United States and West‐Indies’, Medical Repository, 6 (1809), 323–30.

Rush, Benjamin, ‘Facts intended to prove the Yellow Fever not to be Contagious, and Instances of its supposed Contagion explained upon other Principles’, Medical Repository, 6 (1803), 155–70.

Ryan, Dennis, ‘Farther Remarks on the Method of treating the Remittent Fevers of the West Indies; with Observations on the best Means of preserving Health in Jamaica’, London Medical Journal, 2 (1782), 63–80.

Scarman, J., ‘Observations on Cholera’, in Madras Government, Madras Medical Reports, 80–6.

Stubbe, Henry, ‘An Enlargement of the Observations, formerly publish'd [on the Caribe Islands], made and generously imparted by that Learn'd and Inquisitive Physitian, Dr Stubbes’, Phil. Trans., 3 (1668), 699–709.

Timoni, Dr, ‘An Account of the Plague at Constantinople’, in S. Miles (ed.), Medical Essays and Observations relating to the Practice of Physic and Surgery (London: S. Birt, 1745), vol. 2, 69–76.

Trotter, Thomas, ‘On the Means of Destroying Contagion,’ Medical and Physical Journal, 3 (1800), 245–7.

Vage, T., ‘Criticism on the Treatment of the Venereal Disease’, Medical and Physical Journal, 3 (May 1800), 465.

van Linschoten, J. H., ‘Observations of the East Indies’ (1583), in J. T. Wheeler (ed.), Early Travels in India (16th and 17th Centuries). Reprints of Rare and Curious Narratives of Old Travellers in India, in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries (New Delhi: Deep Publications, 1964), 161–228.

Vernati, Philberto, ‘Of the Nature of a certain Stone, found in the Indies, in the Head of a Serpent’, Phil. Trans., 57 (1767), 102–3.

Watson, John, ‘Some Observations on the Diseases that occurred on Board the Ship Europa, in the Service of the Hon. East India Company, during a Voyage from England to and from Madras and Bengal’, Medical Facts and Observations, 5 (1794), 20–43.

Whytt, Robert, ‘Observations on the Nature, Causes, and Cure of those Disorders which are commonly called Nervous, Hypochondriac, or Hysteric’, in Works (Edinburgh: T. Becket and P. A. De Hondt, 1768), 646–7.

Wise, T. A., ‘Observations on the Vitality of the Blood’, India Journal of Medical Science, 1 (1834), 154–8.

Wright, William, ‘Description of the Jesuit's Bark Tree of Jamaica and the Caribbees’, Phil. Trans., 67 (1777), 504–12.

Wright, William, ‘Practical Observations on the Treatment of Acute Diseases; particularly those of the West Indies’, Medical Facts and Observations, 7 (1797), 1–25.

Newspapers and periodicals

Annals of Medicine

Asiatick Researches

Bath and Cheltenham Gazette

(p.318) Bombay Courier

Cheltenham Chronicle

Gentleman's Magazine

India Journal of Medical Science

Jamaica Physical Journal

Journal of Practical Medicine

Journals of the Assembly of Jamaica

The Lancet

London Medical Journal

London Medical Repository

Madras Journal of Medicine

Madras Quarterly Medical Journal, Medical Commentaries

Medical and Philosophical Commentaries

Medical and Physical Journal

Medical Facts and Observations

Medical Museum

Medical Repository

Medico‐Chirurgical Review

Memoirs of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society

Philosophical Magazine

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society

The Times

Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Calcutta

Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Bombay

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Articles and book chapters

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Booth, Christopher C., ‘Hillary, William (1697–1763)’, DNB.

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Brown, Michael, ‘Making Sense of Modernity's Maladies: Health and Disease in the Industrial Revolution’, Endeavour, 30 (2006), 108–12.

Brown, Michael, ‘Medicine, Quackery and the Free Market: The “War” against Morison's Pills and the Construction of the Medical Profession, c. 1830–c. 1850’, in M. S. R. Jenner and P. Wallis (eds.), Medicine and the Market in England and its Colonies (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2007).

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Brown, Theodore M., ‘The College of Physicians and the Acceptance of Iatromechanism in England, 1665–1695’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 44 (1970), 12–30.

Brunton, Deborah, ‘Moseley, James (1742–1819)’, DNB.

Bynum, W. F., ‘Cullen and the Study of Fevers in Britain, 1760–1820’, in W. F. Bynum and V. Nutton (eds.), Theories of Fever from Antiquity to the Enlightenment, Medical History Supplement, No.1 (London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1981), 135–48.

Bynum, W. F., ‘Treating the Wages of Sin: Venereal Disease and Specialism in Eighteenth‐Century Britain’, in W. F. Bynum and Roy Porter (eds.), Medical Fringe and Medical Orthodoxy 1750–1850 (London: Croom Helm, 1987), 5–28.

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Cook, Harold J., ‘Global Economies and Local Knowledge in the East Indies: Jacobus Bontius Learns the Facts of Nature’, in L. Schiebinger and C. Swan (eds.), Colonial Botany: Science, Commerce, and Politics in the Early Modern World (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005), 100–18.

Cooter, Roger, ‘Anticontagionism and History's Medical Record’, in P. Wright and A. Treacher (eds.), The Problem of Medical Knowledge: Examining the Social Construction of Medicine (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1982), 87–108.

Copper, Thompson, rev. Wallis, Patrick, ‘Lind, James (1736–1812)’, DNB.

Cosgrove, Denis, ‘Tropic and Tropicality’, in F. Driver and L. Martins (eds.), Tropical Visions in an Age of Empire (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2005), 197–216.

Craton, Michael, ‘Dr John Quier’, Jamaica Journal, 8 (1974), 44–7.

Creighton, Charles, rev. Reznick, Jeffery S., ‘Bancroft, Edward Nathaniel (1772–1842)’, DNB.

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Cunningham, Andrew, ‘Sydenham versus Newton: The Edinburgh Fever Dispute of the 1690s between Andrew Brown and Archibald Pitcairne’, in W. F. Bynum and V. Nutton, Theories of Fever from Antiquity to the Enlightenment: Medical History, Supplement No.1 (London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1981), 71–98.

Cunningham, Andrew, ‘Thomas Sydenham and the “Good Old Cause”’, in R. French and A. Wear (eds.), The Medical Revolution of the Seventeenth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), 164–90.

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Cunningham, Andrew, ‘Medicine to Calm the Mind: Boerhaave's Medical System, and Why It Was Adopted in Edinburgh’, in Andrew Cunningham and R. French (eds.), The Medical Enlightenment of the Eighteenth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990), 40–66.

Curtin, Philip D., ‘The White Man's Grave: Image and Reality, 1780–1850’, Journal of British Studies, 1 (1961), 64–110.

Daston, Lorrain, ‘The Ideal and Reality of the Republic of Letters in the Enlightenment’, Science in Context, 4 (1991), 367–86.

De Lacy, Margaret, ‘Currie, James (1756–1805)’, DNB.

De Lacy, Margaret, ‘Fothergill, John (1712–1780)’, DNB.

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Dettlebach, Michael, ‘The Stimulations of Travel: Humboldt's Physiological Construction of the Tropics’, in F. Driver and L. Martins (eds.), Tropical Visions in an Age of Empire (Chicago and London: Chicago University Press, 2005), 43–58.

Drayton, Richard, ‘Maritime Networks and the Making of Knowledge’, in D. Cannadine (ed.), Empire, the Sea and Global History: Britain's Maritime World, c. 1763–c. 1840 (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2007), 72–82.

Drescher, Seymour, ‘The Ending of the Slave Trade and the Evolution of European Racism’, Social Science History, 14 (1990), 415–50.

Endersby, Jim, ‘A Garden Enclosed: Botanical Barter in Sydney, 1818–39’, British Journal for the History of Science, 33 (2000), 313–34.

Ernst, Waltraud, ‘Colonial Policies, Racial Politics and the Development of Psychiatric Institutions in Early Nineteenth‐Century British India’, in W. Ernst and B. Harris (eds.), Race, Science and Medicine, 1700–1960 (London: Routledge, 1999), 80–100.

Feingold, Mordechai, ‘Stubbe [Stubbes, Stubb], Henry (1632–1676), author and physician’, DNB.

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Unpublished theses

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