This chapter deals with the House of Lords. The old House of Lords is a strange body which has existed since at least the 14th century. Unlike in France, only two estates emerged in Britain namely the peerage and the commons. Each of the two estates had its own house of parliament to represent its interestates, and the two were kept apart wherein no one could sit in both houses. For centuries, the two houses were equal in power, but the only important exception to the two houses’ equality of power lay in the finance field.
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