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Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services
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Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Diana H. Wall, Richard D. Bardgett, Valerie Behan-Pelletier, Jeffrey E. Herrick, T. Hefin Jones, Karl Ritz, Johan Six, Donald R. Strong, and Wim H. van der Putten

Abstract

Soils and their biodiversity are currently being degraded at a rapid pace due to human activities. However, despite sitting at the foundation of human and ecosystem sustainability, soils are often ignored in scientific discussions of global issues. This book synthesizes current knowledge on soil ecosystem services, and provides a basis for the maintenance of soil health and sustainability. It begins by examining the living soil as a habitat in terms of biodiversity, functions, and ecosystem services. Soil ecosystem services are explored and explained at different scales from genes of microbes ... More

Keywords: biodiversity, ecology, ecosystem services, environmental degradation, global scale, micro scale, regional scale, soil, sustainability

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780199575923
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Diana H. Wall, editor
Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, USA

Richard D. Bardgett, editor
University of Manchester, UK

Valerie Behan-Pelletier, editor
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada

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Contents

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Introduction

Diana H. Wall

Section 1 The Living Soil and Ecosystem Services

Section Editors: Karl Ritz and Wim H. van der Putten

Introduction

Karl Ritz and Wim H. van der Putten

Chapter 1.2 Soil Biodiversity and Functions

Susanne Wurst, Gerlinde B. De Deyn, and Kate Orwin

Synthesis

Karl Ritz and Wim H. van der Putten

Section 2 From Genes to Ecosystem Services

Section Editors: Wim H. van der Putten and Karl Ritz

Introduction

Wim H. van der Putten and Karl Ritz

Chapter 2.1 From Single Genes to Microbial Networks

Evelyn Hackl, Michael Schloter, Ute Szukics, Levente Bodrossy, and Angela Sessitsch

Chapter 2.2 From Genes to Ecosystems: Plant Genetics as a Link between Above- and Belowground Processes

Jennifer A. Schweitzer, Michael D. Madritch, Emmi Felker-Quinn, and Joseph K. Bailey

Synthesis

Wim H. van der Puttenand Karl Ritz

Section 3 Community Structure and Biotic Assemblages

SECTION EDITORS: Donald R. Strong and Valerie Behan-Pelletier

Introduction

Donald R. Strong and Valerie Behan-Pelletier

Chapter 3.3 Linking Soil Biodiversity and Human Health: Do Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Contribute to Food Nutrition?

Pedro M. Antunes, Philipp Franken, Dietmar Schwarz, Matthias C. Rillig, Marco Cosme, Martha Scott, and Miranda M. Hart

Synthesis

Donald R. Strong and Valerie Behan-Pelletier

Section 4 Global Changes

Section Editors: Richard D.Bardgett and T. Hefin Jones

Introduction

Richard D. Bardgett and T. Hefin Jones

Chapter 4.4 Management of Grassland Systems, Soil, and Ecosystem Services

Phil Murray, Felicity Crotty, and Nick van Eekeren

Synthesis

Richard D. Bardgett and T. Hefin Jones

Section 5 Sustainable Soils

Section Editors: Johan Six and Jeffrey E. Herrick

Introduction

Johan Six and Jeffrey E. Herrick

Chapter 5.1 Soil Productivity and Erosion

Kristof Van Oost and Martha M. Bakker

Chapter 5.2 Agroforestry and Soil Health: Linking Trees, Soil Biota, and Ecosystem Services

Edmundo Barrios, Gudeta W. Sileshi, Keith Shepherd, and Fergus Sinclair

Chapter 5.4 Managing Soil Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

Michel A. Cavigelli, Jude E. Maul, and Katalin Szlavecz

Chapter 5.5 Soil Ecosystem Resilience and Recovery

A. Stuart Grandy, Jennifer M. Fraterrigo, and Sharon A. Billings

Chapter 5.6 Applying Soil Ecological Knowledge to Restore Ecosystem Services

Sara G. Baer, Liam Heneghan, and Valerie T. Eviner

Synthesis

Jeffrey E. Herrick and Johan Six

End Matter