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Origins of Sound ChangeApproaches to Phonologization$
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Alan C. L. Yu

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199573745

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573745.001.0001

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Phonetic bias in sound change

Phonetic bias in sound change

(p.51) 3 Phonetic bias in sound change
Origins of Sound Change

Andrew Garrett

Keith Johnson

Oxford University Press

Most typologies of sound change have drawn either a two-way distinction between changes grounded in articulation and perception or a three-way distinction among perceptual confusion, hypocorrective changes, and hypercorrective changes. The first approach defines the mainstream neogrammarian, structuralist, and generative tradition; the second approach is found in the work of Ohala, Blevins, and their colleagues. This chapter seeks to develop a typology of asymmetric sound change patterns based on biases emerging from four elements of speech production and perception: motor planning, aerodynamic constraints, gestural mechanics, and perceptual parsing. The first three of these are the most securely established. In addition, some asymmetries in sound change and phonological patterning may also be consequences of system-dependent biases that operate in phonologization. Finally, the chapter sketches features of a theory linking speech production and perception biases to the emergence of new speech norms.

Keywords:   actuation, phonologization, sound change, typology

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