Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Morphology and Phonology of Exponence$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Jochen Trommer

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199573721

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573721.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 15 January 2019

Polarity and constraints on paradigmatic distinctness

Polarity and constraints on paradigmatic distinctness

(p.160) 5 Polarity and constraints on paradigmatic distinctness
The Morphology and Phonology of Exponence

Dieter Wunderlich

Oxford University Press

Polarity, a type of syncretism, is decomposed into diagonal syncretism (one feature marked, the other feature unmarked, i.e. +F,-G and -F,+G expressed by the same form) and full reversal (two features either both marked or both unmarked). Diagontal syncretism is found in various inflectional systems and can be regarded as a phenomenon of second order natural classes, defined in markedness degrees. In contrast, full reversal should not exist because it would be hard to learn that a certain form expresses either –F,-G or +F,+G. However, several authors claimed the existence of morphological polarity (full reversal). The more detailed investigation reveals the possibility of inflectional class polarity (the exponents of +F vs. –F in one class of items are reversed in another class of items), either for semantic reasons: a certain affix might negate inherent number, or for phonological reasons: an ablaut vowel should be distinct from the underlying vowel. Polarity is also possible as the last resort for expressing contrast in a degenerate paradigm (Old French declension).

Keywords:   morphological polarity, diagonal syncretism, full reversal, paradigmatic markedness, inflectional contrast, inherent number, ablaut, recursive paradigm construction, degenerate paradigm, contrast constraint

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .