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Varieties of Spoken French$
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Sylvain Detey, Jacques Durand, Bernard Laks, and Chantal Lyche

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199573714

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573714.001.0001

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Syntactic variation in spoken French

Syntactic variation in spoken French

Chapter:
(p.86) 6 Syntactic variation in spoken French
Source:
Varieties of Spoken French
Author(s):

Nathalie Rossi-Gensane

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573714.003.0007

This chapter is dedicated to the syntax of spoken French. Section 1, which focuses on ‘orality’, presents some phenomena related to ‘oral’ situational parameters with reference to spoken French: speech production processes, ‘ellipsis’, the use of deictics, and discourse markers. Section 2 considers whether we speak in sentences or not, and examines the use of tenses, moods, and voices in spoken French, the frequent non-use of negative ne, as well as the use of interrogative constructions. Section 3, entitled ‘Between syntax and discourse’, evokes the so-called ‘syntax of spoken French’, and mentions some preferred constructions in spoken French, i.e. left detachment (or dislocation) and presentational structures, before closing with a brief reflection on whether spoken French can be considered as an illustration of syntactic variation.

Keywords:   syntax, spoken French, speech production process, deixis, discourse marker, sentence, interrogative construction, left detachment, presentational construction, syntactic variation

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