This chapter reports some preliminary points that are made about change within constabularies. The discussion then moves to consider specific changes that might be attributed to the Black Police Association's (BPA) work. The primary questions discussed are ‘Have BPAs changed anything within constabularies?’ and ‘What, if any, type of change have they created?’ A further unconventional aspect of BPAs was the status of support staff as full members alongside police officers. Even when there are relatively large numbers of ethnic-minority staff in an organization, the pressure to conform is obviously still present, and will limit change. The extent of change within constabularies was therefore questioned in many BPA officials' minds.
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