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Childhood Obesity PreventionInternational Research, Controversies and Interventions$
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Jennifer A. O'Dea and Michael Eriksen

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199572915

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572915.001.0001

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Trends in obesity and hypertension in South African youth

Trends in obesity and hypertension in South African youth

Chapter:
(p.152) Chapter 13 Trends in obesity and hypertension in South African youth
Source:
Childhood Obesity Prevention
Author(s):

K.D. Monyeki

H.C.G. Kemper

J.W.R. Twisk

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572915.003.0013

Indirect causes of childhood obesity are complex and are sometimes linked to psychological factors, social expectation or pressure, and fat stigmatization. Obesity in children may also be somewhat attributed to psychological stress such as low esteem, poor peer acceptance, and low participation in social and sport activities. However, in some African cultures, particularly those living in rural areas and a minority in urban areas who still follow indigenous knowledge, obesity in both children and adults is regarded as a sign of wealth, status, and physical attractiveness. This chapter reviews child and youth obesity (aged between 1 and 24 years) and hypertension trends and prevention strategies in South Africa, using individual studies conducted in both rural and urban settings and the national studies during the 21st century.

Keywords:   children, adolescents, epidemiology, psychological stress, Africa, South Africa, hypertension, blood pressure

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