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Childhood Obesity Prevention$
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Jennifer A. O'Dea and Michael Eriksen

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199572915

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572915.001.0001

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ContentsFRONT MATTER

Overweight, obesity, and associated factors among Vietnamese and Southeast Asian children and adolescents

Chapter:
(p.132) Chapter 11 Overweight, obesity, and associated factors among Vietnamese and Southeast Asian children and adolescents
Source:
Childhood Obesity Prevention
Author(s):

Nguyen Hoang H. Doan Trang

Tang K. Hong

Michael J. Dibley

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572915.003.0011

This chapter describes the prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity and associated factors among children and adolescents in Vietnam and Southeast Asia. In general there is very limited data available about child and adolescent obesity for this region. However, the results indicate a very rapid increase of overweight and obesity in school students, from pre-school to high school, especially in urban areas. In most studies, the prevalence of overweight among boys was greater than that among girls. This is a different pattern compared to child and adolescent obesity studies from industrialized countries, where the progressive increase in overweight and obesity in younger age groups was observed. Furthermore, while studies from western countries showed higher prevalence of overweight and obesity amongst children from households with low economic status, the findings from Southeast Asian countries revealed the reverse of this pattern, such as in Vietnam and Indonesia. The methods used to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity varied among countries in this region, making cross country comparisons difficult. Studies in Southeast Asia have mentioned differences in adolescent overweight and obesity across gender and age groups, which might influence the likelihood of participating in physical activity and sport, and may differentially influence the benefits of physical activity in maintaining a healthy weight status. School location was also a notable risk factor of overweight and obesity in children in many studies of this region. Children from private schools had higher odds of overweight/obesity than those from public schools (Philippines, Indonesia); higher odds of overweight in students studying at schools in wealthy urban districts were found in Vietnam.

Keywords:   overweight, obesity, children, adolescents, epidemiology, economic status, Vietnam, Asia

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