Proteins are biological macromolecules essential to life, and rubber elasticity is central to the utility of many proteins, especially in animals. The mechanical properties of proteins often govern their biological function, with a direct connection to aging and disease. This chapter describes the hierarchical structure—from macromolecules to tissues—that underlies the mechanical response, including the role of water in protein dynamics. Examples of important proteins are described, including elastin, resilin, abductin, titin, silk, fibrin, and gluten.
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