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Disciplines in the MakingCross-Cultural Perspectives on Elites, Learning, and Innovation$
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G. E. R. Lloyd

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199567874

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567874.001.0001

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Medicine

Medicine

Chapter:
(p.76) 4 Medicine
Source:
Disciplines in the Making
Author(s):

G. E. R. Lloyd

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567874.003.0005

Medicine aims to secure health and well-being, but what those consist in and how to achieve them are often disputed questions. Some societies have self-styled experts in the domain, others have none. But even in those that do, there are often rival groups offering alternative treatments and explanations. This chapter discusses shamanism and other modes of traditional healing, the various traditions of medicine in ancient Greece, China, and India, and aspects of modern biomedicine and psychiatry, to bring to light the ways in which different concepts of medicine are developed, and the roles that learned and often exclusive elites played in promulgating them.

Keywords:   health, well-being, experts, rivalry, traditions, Greece, China, India, biomedicine, psychiatry

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