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TobaccoScience, policy and public health$
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Peter Boyle, Nigel Gray, Jack Henningfield, John Seffrin, and Witold Zatonski

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199566655

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.001.0001

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The adoption of smoke-free policies and their effectiveness

The adoption of smoke-free policies and their effectiveness

Chapter:
(p.623) Chapter 36 The adoption of smoke-free policies and their effectiveness
Source:
Tobacco
Author(s):

Maria Leon-Roux

John P. Pierce

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0036

Leading health agencies have published authoritative reports evaluating the research on the health risks of second-hand smoke (SHS). There is a consensus across these reports that SHS (also called involuntary smoking) causes several diseases in non-smokers including lung cancer, heart disease, and both chronic and acute respiratory disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) negotiated the unprecedented Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the first ever public health treaty that achieved widespread support among member nations. Article 8 of the WHO FCTC focuses on the ‘protection from exposure to tobacco smoke’. Countries signing the treaty are required to implement policies to protect all people from exposure to SHS by law and not by means of voluntary agreements. To provide better clarification of the benefits of WHO FCTC compliant legislation, in April 2008, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) convened a group of seventeen scientists from nine countries in Lyon, France to assess the evidence for the effectiveness of smoke-free policies. The group proposed eleven potentially causal statements and summarized the strength of the evidence for each statement using the following five IARC classifications: sufficient, strong, limited, inadequate or no evidence and evidence of lack of an effect. This chapter presents a summary of that evidence and the main conclusions of the report.

Keywords:   second-hand smoke, cigarette smoke, World Health Organization, Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, International Agency for Research on Cancer, anti-smoking policies, smoke-free policies

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