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Responsibility and Distributive Justice$
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Carl Knight and Zofia Stemplowska

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199565801

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565801.001.0001

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Justice, Equality, Fairness, Desert, Rights, Free Will, Responsibility, and Luck 1

Justice, Equality, Fairness, Desert, Rights, Free Will, Responsibility, and Luck 1

Chapter:
(p.51) 2 Justice, Equality, Fairness, Desert, Rights, Free Will, Responsibility, and Luck1
Source:
Responsibility and Distributive Justice
Author(s):

Larry Temkin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565801.003.0003

This chapter discusses crucial connections between justice, equality, fairness, desert, rights, free will, responsibility, luck, and comparative fairness. It aims to shed light on the well-known claim that egalitarians seek to redress the influence of luck, and that egalitarians are concerned that some should not be worse off than others through no fault, or choice, of their own. It argues that traditional claims about the importance of fault, choice, luck, and responsibility are best understood as rough approximations, tracking the egalitarian's more fundamental concern with comparative fairness. The discussion has both theoretical and practical implications, bearing on a wide range of issues such as procedural versus substantive fairness, ex ante versus ex post equality, whole lives versus simultaneous or corresponding segments egalitarianism, punishment, and health care allocation.

Keywords:   justice, equality, fairness, desert, rights, free will, responsibility, luck, comparative fairness, egalitarianism

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