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Parenting in England 1760-1830Emotion, Identity, and Generation$
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Joanne Bailey

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199565191

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565191.001.0001

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(p.245) Conclusion
Parenting in England 1760-1830

Joanne Bailey

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that notions of Georgian parenthood and the expectations held about parents’ roles did not originate in Evangelical revival, in the reconfiguration of the middle‐classes, or the hardening of separate spheres. They stemmed from contemporary social and cultural concerns. Parents were influenced by Christianity and sensibility, which encouraged more emotionally expressive styles of parenting. Concerns about population brought attention to the need for both mothers and fathers to be more hands‐on in the physical care of their offspring. Reconfigurations in the basis of political authority brought to the forefront ideals of companionate, negotiated parent‐child relationships. The rapid commercialisation of society created anxieties about moral and physical corruption, which encouraged parents to control both their children's diets and emotions. Thus it concludes that parenthood holds specific, historicised meanings at different times.

Keywords:   parenthood, parents, emotions, children, Evangelical revival, separate spheres, Christianity, sensibility, population, commercialisation

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