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Time-Dependent Density-Functional TheoryConcepts and Applications$
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Carsten A. Ullrich

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563029

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563029.001.0001

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TDDFT and many-body theory

TDDFT and many-body theory

(p.304) 13 TDDFT and many-body theory
Time-Dependent Density-Functional Theory

Carsten A. Ullrich

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents various techniques from many-body theory to construct time-dependent exchange-correlation (xc) functionals. The first section introduces a perturbation theory along the so-called adiabatic connection. This leads to a perturbative expansion of the xc potential, with exact exchange representing the lowest order. The following section introduces nonequilibrium Green's functions along the Keldysh contour. A Keldysh action principle is formulated which yields a formally exact representation of the time-dependent xc potential. As an alternative, the xc potential is expressed through the so-called Sham-Schlüter equation. The third section establishes a connection between the xc kernels of time-dependent density-functional theory in linear response and many-body perturbation theory. A diagrammatic expansion of the xc kernel is given. Finally, an expression for the xc kernel is derived starting from the Bethe-Salpeter equation. This xc kernel gives excellent agreement with experimental optical absorption spectra of insulators, including excitonic features.

Keywords:   many-body theory, adiabatic connection, nonequilibrium Green's functions, Keldysh contour, Keldysh action, Sham-Schlüter equation, Bethe-Salpeter equation

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