Human beings are subject to normative demands. Where do these normative demands come from? Some have argued that they are the product of reflection. When we reflect, we may question why we should act or believe in one way rather than another. By the same token, reflective evaluation of our reasons may lead us to endorse a set of normative requirements. On this line of thinking, we are responsible for conforming to the normative requirements we would endorse under conditions of reflection. It is argued that this thought leads to an infinite regress. More than this, there are certain substantive psychological assumptions made, on this view, about the powers of reflection, and these assumptions are ones we should not accept.
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