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Rethinking Arab DemocratizationElections without Democracy$
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Larbi Sadiki

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199562985

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562985.001.0001

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The Greater Middle East Initiative: A US Democracy Promotion ‘Road Map’?

The Greater Middle East Initiative: A US Democracy Promotion ‘Road Map’?

(p.145) 4 The Greater Middle East Initiative: A US Democracy Promotion ‘Road Map’?
Rethinking Arab Democratization

Larbi Sadiki (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter deconstructs, critiques, and assesses the US democracy promotion in the Arab World, with special reference to the Bush Administration and its key power players from Colin Powell and Condy to L. Paul Bremer III. It considers the factors that drive and constrain US democracy promotion. The chapter's deconstruction of the Greater Middle East Initiative and President Bush's ‘forward strategy of freedom’ is innovative in more than one way. It critiques and interpellates the binary knowledge-making and power relations that underpin the GMEI's neo-Orientalist assumptions about the AME. It exposes aspects of democratic ‘imposition’ via ‘intimidation’ and ‘invasion’, as categories of analysis that are vital for any enquiry into the international context's impact on democratization in the Arab region. It marshals evidence from textual analysis as well as from interviews with select key Arab politicians and opinion formulators.

Keywords:   US democratization, Greater Middle East Initiative, democratization via intimidation, democratization via invasion, democratic contagion, theory vs. practice, Colin Powell, Condy, Paul Bremer III, democratization of Iraq

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