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Historical Syntax and Linguistic Theory$
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Paola Crisma and Giuseppe Longobardi

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199560547

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560547.001.0001

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Sources of change in the German syntax of negation

Sources of change in the German syntax of negation

Chapter:
(p.110) 7 Sources of change in the German syntax of negation
Source:
Historical Syntax and Linguistic Theory
Author(s):

Agnes Jäger

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560547.003.0007

This chapter explains the main negation markers in the history of German are the neg‐particles ni/ne (Neg°), ni(c)ht (SpecNegP), and n‐words. It also details the ratio of these and their co‐occurrence change diachronically due to phonetic weakening and reinforcement of the neg‐particle and a profound change in the indefinite system. It finds that the underlying syntactic structure remained unchanged.

Keywords:   negation, Old High German, Middle High German, negative concord, Jespersen's Cycle

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