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Marine Ecosystems and Global Change$
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Manuel Barange, John G. Field, Roger P. Harris, Eileen E. Hofmann, R. Ian Perry, and Francisco Werner

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199558025

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.001.0001

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Ocean ecosystem responses to future global change scenarios: a way forward

Ocean ecosystem responses to future global change scenarios: a way forward

Chapter:
(p.287) Chapter 10 Ocean ecosystem responses to future global change scenarios: a way forward
Source:
Marine Ecosystems and Global Change
Author(s):

Shin‐ichi Ito

Kenneth A. Rose

Arthur J. Miller

Ken Drinkwater

Keith Brander

James E. Overland

Svein Sundby

Enrique Curchitser

James W. Hurrell

Yasuhiro Yamanaka

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558025.003.0010

Available evidence of recent climate‐induced physical and chemical changes in the oceans is summarized, including changes in sea temperatures, nutrient supply, mixing and circulation, trace element supply, acidification, and sea‐level rise. The biological responses in the marine environment to these documented physical changes are then presented by trophic level. Our ability to project ecosystem responses to likely future global change is discussed, including numerous examples of existing projections for several regions of the world's oceans. This chapter concludes with a discussion of a vision of the next steps that are needed to develop better models capable of improving our projections of ecosystem responses to global change.

Keywords:   global change, ocean ecosystem response, climate effects, ecosystem structure, ecosystem dynamics, future projection, uncertainty, end‐to‐end models, interdisciplinarity

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