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Chrétien ContinuedA Study of the Conte du Graal and its Verse Continuations$
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Matilda Tomaryn Bruckner

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199557219

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557219.001.0001

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Sons and Mothers, Mothers and Lovers

Sons and Mothers, Mothers and Lovers

(p.116) 3 Sons and Mothers, Mothers and Lovers
Chrétien Continued

Matilda Tomaryn Bruckner (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Chapter 3 focuses on the alternately protective and destructive relationships between mothers and sons in Perceval and the First Continuation. Although the Veuve Dame dies when her son leaves the Welsh forest for the world of knights, she continues to play a significant role in Perceval's erotic connections with Blancheflor and family connections to the Grail Castle. The issue of mothers and marriage unexpectedly returns when Gauvain's grandmother, mother, and sister appear at the Roche de Champguin, liberated from enchantment by Arthur's nephew in the last unfinished episode of Chrétien's romance. Problematic but essential connections continue to be traced between mothers, sexuality, sons, and lovers, as the first continuator extrapolates his anonymous elaboration of Gauvain's story and inserts the story of Caradoc, a son whose revelation of his mother's adultery leads to punishment and then cure with the help of his lady, configured as a kind of virginal mother.

Keywords:   Blancheflor, Caradoc, First Continuation, Gauvain, lovers, mothers, Perceval, sexuality, sons

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