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The Waning of Materialism$
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Robert C. Koons and George Bealer

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199556182

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.001.0001

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Dualistic Materialism 1

Dualistic Materialism 1

Chapter:
(p.349) 17 Dualistic Materialism1
Source:
The Waning of Materialism
Author(s):

Joseph Almog

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0017

This chapter defends a position that is both dualistic (recognizing the distinctness and the difference in nature between mental and physical events) and materialistic (in the sense of positing a natural or essential connection between the two types of phenomena). It insists that our common sense (or ‘marketplace’ view embraces both a duality and a necessary connection intuition, unlike either substance dualism or philosophical materialism. On this chapter's view, there can be (contra Hume) necessary connections between distinct existences, whenever the distinct existences have correlative or coordinated natures. The chapter provides examples from mathematics of correlated natures linking distinct numbers or sets to one another, or sets to non-sets (such as singleton sets and their members). The correlated natures of biological species and their individual members provides another example. The chapter argues that since there is only one cosmos, the nature of each type and token must be correlated with that of the generative process responsible for its coming into being, providing just the sort of necessary connection between mental and physical phenomena required by common sense.

Keywords:   materialism, dualism, essential connection, substance dualism, necessary connection, correlative natures, mathematics, biological species, distinct existences

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