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The Waning of Materialism$
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Robert C. Koons and George Bealer

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199556182

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.001.0001

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Materialism, Minimal Emergentism, and the Hard Problem of Consciousness

Materialism, Minimal Emergentism, and the Hard Problem of Consciousness

Chapter:
(p.309) 15 Materialism, Minimal Emergentism, and the Hard Problem of Consciousness
Source:
The Waning of Materialism
Author(s):

Terry Horgan (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0015

This chapter formulates and motivates the current favored articulation of the metaphysical doctrine of materialism. It describes an alternative metaphysical position called minimal emergentism, which has two versions; and then contrasts it with stronger kinds of emergentism. Minimal emergentism posits certain inter-level necessitation relations — either nomically necessary connections, or metaphysically necessary connections — that are metaphysically brute. The chapter sets forth what it takes to be some very powerful challenges to materialism — challenges involving features of human consciousness. Finally, the chapter argues that in light of these challenges, minimal emergentism is a viable and theoretically appealing non-materialist metaphysic of mind.

Keywords:   materialism, emergentism, minimal emergentism, consciousness, hard problem, brute necessary connections

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