This chapter explores the legacy of the NMTs. It begins by assessing whether the tribunals can be considered a success in terms of their stated goals, most notably retribution, promoting democracy in Germany, and creating a historical record. It concludes that the scorecard is mixed: although the retributive and documentary goals were achieved, the didactic goal was a spectacular failure. Finally, it examines the influence that the NMT judgments have had on international criminal law. It argues that although modern courts and tribunals often misunderstand the tribunals' jurisprudence, in general that jurisprudence has had an important and salutary effect on modern doctrine.
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