Endangered species management: the US experience
In this chapter, David Wilcove focuses on endangered species management, emphasizing the United States of America (US) experience. Endangered species conservation has three phases: identification, protection, and recovery. Protection can be directed toward species, subspecies, or populations. There are important economic and ecological trade‐offs associated with protecting subspecies and populations. Consistent, quantitative criteria for determining the status of species have been developed by the IUCN. Protection of endangered species requires accurate knowledge of the threats to those species, the location of existing populations, and land ownership patterns. Recovery of many endangered species will require continual, active management of the habitat or continual efforts to control populations of alien species. Incentives may be needed to entice people to participate in recovery programs.
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