The Critique of Religious War
The tendency to sanctify warfare was criticized for a number of reasons. First there was the issue of human agency, the perception that placing God's work in the hands of his sinful creation all too often led to defeat because the advocates of the holy cause fought for the wrong reasons. In the case of Tabor the theme was developed by Nicholas of Pelhřimov. His contemporary Peter Chelčický voiced a more thoroughgoing condemnation of the use of violence for religious purposes, a line of argument that was eloquently reiterated a century later by Erasmus and the pacifist Anabaptists. Overseas discoveries created opportunities for conversion that spawned lively debate about whether the use of force to win souls could be legitimate.
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