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Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy
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Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy: The Norwegian Case

Jan Fagerberg, David Mowery, and Bart Verspagen


Innovation is often associated with high-technology industries, such as information and communication technologies, scientific research in large-scale facilities in firms or universities, and professionals working in highly urbanized environments. Norway, however, has no major international firms in high-tech industries. Its share of R&D in GDP and population density are among the lowest in Europe and exports consist mainly of natural resource based products. Still productivity, measured as GDP per capita, is among the highest in the world in Norway and this holds even if rents from its oil an ... More

Keywords: innovation, path dependency, policy, national innovation system, natural resources, co-evolution, Norway, oil and gas, aquaculture

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2009 Print ISBN-13: 9780199551552
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Jan Fagerberg, editor
University of Oslo, Norway
Author Webpage

David Mowery, editor
Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley
Author Webpage

Bart Verspagen, editor
Eindhoven Centre for Innovation Studies, University of Eindhoven
Author Webpage