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Insect Infection and ImmunityEvolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms$
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Jens Rolff and Stuart Reynolds

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199551354

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.001.0001

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Comparative genomics of insect immunity

Comparative genomics of insect immunity

Chapter:
(p.86) CHAPTER 6 Comparative genomics of insect immunity
Source:
Insect Infection and Immunity
Author(s):

Fotis Kafatos

Robert Waterhouse

Evgeny Zdobnov

George Christophides

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0006

This chapter compares the Drosophila group with mosquitoes and honeybees to disentangle common themes from specific components of immunity. Honeybees, for example, have a relatively small set of immune genes which demonstrate a high degree of conservatism. They are most intriguing when compared with non-social insects, as the differences between them are attributable to the evolution of sociality in bees and other Hymenoptera. The chapter highlights how the use of comparative genomics led to the unravelling of evolutionary novelties. Genes containing leucine-rich repeats are an example, which led to the discovery of a new complement-like mechanism in mosquitoes.

Keywords:   insect immunity, immune response, Drosophila, mosquitoes, honeybees

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