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The Implementation GameThe TRIPS Agreement and the Global Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries$
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Carolyn Deere

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199550616

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550616.001.0001

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The Developing Country Dimension: How National Politics Mattered

The Developing Country Dimension: How National Politics Mattered

Chapter:
(p.196) 6 The Developing Country Dimension: How National Politics Mattered
Source:
The Implementation Game
Author(s):

Carolyn Deere (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550616.003.0006

This chapter explores how national factors affected variation in TRIPS implementation. National economic circumstances and political factors within developing countries shaped the capacity of governments to filter and manage international pressures. First, government capacity came into play, most notably differences in the extent of technical expertise, institutional competence, and the dominance of IP offices. Second, the degree of public debate and engagement on IP issues in developing countries mattered, especially the role of interest groups, and the relationships between governments and parliaments. Third, there were differences in how governments coordinated, especially in terms of the strength of internal communication, links to broader public policymaking, how the governments managed relationships with donors, regional arrangements, and international organizations. To illustrate how the interplay of global IP debates, international pressures and national politics played out on the ground, the chapter concludes with four vignettes.

Keywords:   economic factors, government capacity, expertise, IP offices, public debate, interest groups, parliaments, coordination, regional organizations

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