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Personal Wealth from a Global Perspective$
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James B. Davies

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199548880

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548880.001.0001

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Asset Portfolios in Africa: Evidence from Rural Ethiopia

Asset Portfolios in Africa: Evidence from Rural Ethiopia

Chapter:
(p.224) 11 Asset Portfolios in Africa: Evidence from Rural Ethiopia
Source:
Personal Wealth from a Global Perspective
Author(s):

James B. Davies (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548880.003.0011

This study considers asset holdings in rural Ethiopia. It shows that households own mostly non‐financial assets and that the composition of asset portfolios varies significantly with the household's overall wealth and its exposure to uncertainty. As regards the distribution of assets, inequality is lowest for land holdings and much higher for all other assets. More generally, asset inequality is higher than consumption inequality but, somewhat surprisingly, lower than income inequality. Less surprising is the finding that asset holdings are positively correlated with income and consumption. An analysis of how asset holdings vary with key demographic variables shows that assets increase with the size of the household and the education of the household head. Finally, the study concludes by exploring the role that assets play in marriage markets in rural Ethiopia.

Keywords:   savings, asset portfolios, household wealth, asset distribution, poverty, inequality, Ethiopia

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