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Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing
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Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective

Shahid Naeem, Daniel E. Bunker, Andy Hector, Michel Loreau, and Charles Perrings

Abstract

How will biodiversity loss affect ecosystem functioning, ecosystem services, and human wellbeing? In an age of accelerating biodiversity loss, this volume summarizes recent advances in biodiversity‐ecosystem functioning research and explores the economics of biodiversity and ecosystem services. The first section summarizes the development of the basic science and provides a meta-analysis that quantitatively tests several biodiversity and ecosystem functioning hypotheses. The second section describes the natural science foundations of biodiversity‐ecosystem functioning research, including: qua ... More

Keywords: biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, ecosystem services, sustainable development, diversity

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2009 Print ISBN-13: 9780199547951
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Shahid Naeem, editor
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, USA

Daniel E. Bunker, editor
Department of Biological Sciences, New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA

Andy Hector, editor
Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Zurich

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Contents

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Part 1 Introduction, background, and meta-analyses

2 Consequences of species loss for ecosystem functioning: meta-analyses of data from biodiversity experiments

Bernhard Schmid, Patricia Balvanera, Bradley J. Cardinale, Jasmin Godbold, Andrea B. Pfisterer, David Raffaelli, Martin Solan, and Diane S. Srivastava

Part 2 Natural science foundations

4 A functional guide to functional diversity measures

Owen L. Petchey, Eoin J. O’Gorman, and Dan F. B. Flynn

5 Forecasting decline in ecosystem services under realistic scenarios of extinction

J. Emmett Duffy, Diane S. Srivastava, Jennie McLaren, Mahesh Sankaran, Martin Solan, John Griffin, Mark Emmerson, and Kate E. Jones

6 Biodiversity and the stability of ecosystem functioning

John N. Griffin, Eoin J. O’Gorman, Mark C. Emmerson, Stuart R. Jenkins, Alexandra-Maria Klein, Michel Loreau, and Amy Symstad

7 The analysis of biodiversity experiments: from pattern toward mechanism

Andy Hector, Thomas Bell, John Connolly, John Finn, Jeremy Fox, Laura Kirwan, Michel Loreau, Jennie McLaren, Bernhard Schmid, and Alexandra Weigelt

8 Towards a food web perspective on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning

Bradley Cardinale, Emmett Duffy, Diane Srivastava, Michel Loreau, Matt Thomas, and Mark Emmerson

9 Microbial biodiversity and ecosystem functioning under controlled conditions and in the wild

Thomas Bell, Mark O. Gessner, Robert I. Griffiths, Jennie R. McLaren, Peter J. Morin, Marcel van der Heijden, and Wim H. van der Putten

Part 3 Ecosystem services and human wellbeing

11 Incorporating biodiversity in climate change mitigation initiatives

Sandra Díaz, David A. Wardle, and Andy Hector

12 Restoring biodiversity and ecosystem function: will an integrated approach improve results?

Justin Wright, Amy Symstad, James M. Bullock, Katharina Engelhardt, Louise Jackson, and Emily Bernhardt

13 Managed ecosystems: biodiversity and ecosystem functions in landscapes modified by human use

Louise Jackson, Todd Rosenstock, Matthew Thomas, Justin Wright, and Amy Symstad

14 Understanding the role of species richness for crop pollination services

Alexandra-Maria Klein, Christine Müller, Patrick Hoehn, and Claire Kremen

15 Biodiversity and ecosystem function: perspectives on disease

Richard S. Ostfeld, Matthew Thomas, and Felicia Keesing

16 Opening communities to colonization – the impacts of invaders on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning

Katharina Engelhardt, Amy Symstad, Anne-Helene Prieur-Richard, Matthew Thomas, and Daniel E. Bunker

17 The economics of biodiversity and ecosystem services

Charles Perrings, Stefan Baumgärtner, William A. Brock, Kanchan Chopra, Marc Conte, Christopher Costello, Anantha Duraiappah, Ann P. Kinzig, Unai Pascual, Stephen Polasky, John Tschirhart, and Anastasios Xepapadeas

18 The valuation of ecosystem services

Edward B. Barbier, Stefan Baumgärtner, Kanchan Chopra, Christopher Costello, Anantha Duraiappah, Rashid Hassan, Ann P. Kinzig, Markus Lehman, Unai Pascual, Stephen Polasky, and Charles Perrings

19 Modelling biodiversity and ecosystem services in coupled ecological–economic systems

William A. Brock, David Finnoff, Ann P. Kinzig, Unai Pascual, Charles Perrings, John Tschirhart, and Anastasios Xepapadeas

Part 4 Summary and synthesis

21 Can we predict the effects of global change on biodiversity loss and ecosystem functioning?

Shahid Naeem, Daniel E. Bunker, Andy Hector, Michel Loreau, and Charles Perrings