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Russian Rule in Samarkand 1868-1910A Comparison with British India$

Alexander Morrison

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199547371

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547371.001.0001

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(p.323) Appendix 10 Land Ownership

(p.323) Appendix 10 Land Ownership

Source:
Russian Rule in Samarkand 1868-1910
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

1. Land Distribution in Turkestan

Oblast

Total area (Desyatinas)

Town lands

Settled native lands

Private owners

Russian settlers

State land

State forest

Total settled

Nomadic or unoccupied

Syr‐Darya

47,167,184

90,749

936,147

8,898

159,561

22,926

2,505,945

3,724,226

43,443,588

%

74

0.19

1.98

0.02

0.34

0.05

5.31

7.89

92.10

Ferghana

8,451,645

15,149

2,137,677

9,408

9,925

19,726

942,772

3,134,657

5,316,988

%

13

0.19

25.30

0.11

0.12

0.23

11.15

37.09

62.91

Samarkand

8,289,128

15,997

2,221,113

1,415

22,907

59,936

3,914,086

6,235,4554

2,053,674

%

13

0.19

26.80

0.02

0.28

0.72

47.22

75.23

24.77

Total

63,908,587

121,895

5,294,937

19,721

192,393

102, 588

7,362,803

13,094,337

50,814,250

%

0.19

8.29

0.03

0.30

0.16

11.52

26.49

79.51

Palen, Prilozheniya k Otchetu, Vol. 19 Chast’ I Otdel I, 90.

(p.324)

2. Land per Person in Samarkand

District

Average land per person (Desyatinas)

Of which irrigated or rain‐fed (Desyatinas)

Proportion %

Samarkand

2.2

1.3

59

Katta‐Kurgan

2.2

1.6

72

Khujand

3.4

2.9

85

Djizak

4.1

2.0

48

Average

3.0

1.95

65

Palen, Prilozheniya k Otchetu, Vol. 19 Chast’ I Otdel I, 108.

Note: these figures are simply produced by dividing the total amount of land by the population and almost certainly do not reflect actual use. Per household, the average figure in the Samarkand District was 13.9 desyatinas, of which 5.7 desyatinas were irrigated and 2.7 bahari, or rain‐fed. The figures are of doubtful accuracy, as the Samarkand Statistical Committee only looked at a small sample of the 80,677 different plots in the District.

3. Land Ownership in the Samarkand, Katta‐Kurgan, and Khujand Districts

Household ownership (Desyatinas)

Percentage of households

Landless

9.6

1 4 1 2

19.4

3 4 –1

15.1

1 1 4 –1 1 2

15.0

1 3 4 –2 1 2

13.0

2 3 4 –3 3 4

9.0

4–5

6.3

5 1 4 –7 1 2

5.5

7 3 4 –10

4.0

10 1 4 –12 1 2

2.0

12 1 2 or more

1.2

Palen, Prilozheniya k Otchetu, Vol. 19 Chast’ I Otdel I, 121.