Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Thicker than WaterSiblings and their Relations, 1780-1920$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Leonore Davidoff

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199546480

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546480.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 26 March 2019

The ‘Long Family’ and its Decline 1

The ‘Long Family’ and its Decline 1

(p.78) 4The ‘Long Family’ and its Decline1
Thicker than Water

Leonore Davidoff

Oxford University Press

A high birth rate among most people meant offspring were spread over a wide age range creating an ‘intermediate generation’ between parents and younger children. Life in middle-class households could be crowded, added to by residential servants, pupils, apprentices, and visitors. Children and young people were expected to share space and possessions. Parents and others used a variety of routines and punishments to manage these large broods. Elder children, particularly girls, helped with and taught the younger. Given the high incidence of serious illness, and high infant and child mortality, religious beliefs were an important source of guidance and solace. Adults favoured some children over others. Youngsters were expected to conform to accepted forms of feminine and masculine behaviour. In the late nineteenth century, middle-class family size gradually declined, fuelling eugenicist fears. By the 1920s large families were looked down on, an attitude that fed class tensions.

Keywords:   birth rate, favouritism, family size, infant and child mortality, domestic space, eugenics, intermediate generation

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .