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Anglo-Saxon Deviant Burial Customs$

Andrew Reynolds

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199544554

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544554.001.0001

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(p.272) Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Bounds

(p.272) Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Bounds

Source:
Anglo-Saxon Deviant Burial Customs
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

The burial sites in this handlist were collected initially by reference to the database of Anglo‐Saxon charter bounds maintained by Dr Joy Jenkyns, with further material revealed by wider research. Sites are listed alphabetically by term, ostensibly in chronological order, with a running numerical sequence for the whole series. References to named individual burials and burial sites, and to miscellaneous terms, follow the term‐by‐term lists. The meaning of individual terms is taken from Bosworth and Toller's Anglo‐Saxon Dictionary (B+T), and the whole list was checked by Dr John Baker of Nottingham University. The purported date of the charter to which each set of bounds is attached is given, along with the modern place‐name and a reference to Sawyer's 1968 handlist. Where known, the status of the boundary upon which each site is located is noted. References are also given to the published source for each charter in the editions of Birch, Kemble, or otherwise, and all texts were checked against the electronic list maintained by Sean Miller at www.anglo‐saxons.net). Certain sets of bounds exist in isolation (i.e. without an accompanying charter and therefore undated) and these are listed last within each category. R = term repeated in later or adjoining boundary clause. Instances of more than one burial site in a set of bounds are indicated thus: 1st of 2, 2nd of 2, etc.

CWEALMSTOW, ‘A PLACE OF EXECUTION’ (B+T, 176)

  1. 1. swa to þære ealdan cwealmstowe (dat sg), ‘so to the old killing‐place’. AD 909. Chilcomb (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S376 (Birch 620).

  2. 2. swa est be þære stræte (dat sg) oð þa cwealmstowe (acc sg) æt Maccanho, ‘so east by the street as far as the killing‐place at ‘Maccanho’ [the county boundary]’. AD 1012. Fen Stanton (Huntingdonshire). Boundary: hundred and county. S1562 (Perceval 1865, 47–50).

  3. 3. up on icen hilde weg. on þæne hæðenan byriels (acc sg). of icen hilde wege innan þa cwealm stowe (dat sg), ‘up to Icknield Way. to the heathen burial. from Icknield Way inside the killing‐place’. AD 1047–70. Little Hinton (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S1588 (Birch 479).

GABULOS, ‘A GALLOWS’ (GLARE 1982, 752) AND GEALGA, ‘A GALLOWS, GIBBETT, CROSS’ (B+T, 365)

  1. 4. in longum valli progressa in illa antiqua monumenta in locum ubi a ruricolis dicitur. æt ðam holen stypbum. sicque ad illos gabulos. in longum gemærweges. to wadbeorge, ‘and so along the dyke to those ancient monuments at the place the natives call “at the hollow‐stumps”. and so to those gallows. along boundary (p.273) way. to woadbarrow’. AD 778. Little Bedwyn (Wiltshire). Boundary: hundred. S264 (Birch 225).

  2. 5. an gabul dene (acc or dat sg) eastewearde, ‘to gallow's valley eastwards’. AD 854. Not located. S1862 (Birch 480).

  3. 6. fram Hunan bricge (dat sg) to þam galhtreowe (dat sg), ‘from Hun's bridge to the gallow's tree’. AD 956. Kettering (Northamptonshire). Boundary: hundred. S592 (Birch 943).

  4. 7. on geaggan treow (acc sg); of ðam treowe (dat sg) on ða bradan stræte (acc sg), ‘to gallow's tree; from the tree to the broad street’. AD 985. Wolverhampton (Staffordshire). Boundary: hundred. S860 (Kemble 650).

HANGIAN, ‘TO HANG, BE SUSPENDED’ (B+T, 510)

  1. 8. Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Boundslang gemæres þæt on lic hangan, ‘along [the] boundary to [the place where the] corpses hang’. AD 948. Stanmore (Berkshire). Boundary: hundred. S542 (Birch 866).

  2. 9. þær þa ðeofes hangað, ‘where the thieves hang’. AD 1012. Wetmoor (Staffordshire). Boundary: hundred. S930 (Shaw 1798, 20).

HEAFOD STOCC, ‘HEAD‐ STAKE’ (B+T, 513 and 923)

  1. 10. eft sona up to heafod stoccan (dat pl). of heafod stocca (dat pl). and lang stræt, ‘immediately afterwards up to [the] head‐stakes. from [the] head‐stakes. along [the] street’. AD 854. Headbourne Worthy (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S309 (Birch 473). R11, 19.

  2. 11. be hearpaðe to heafod stoccum (dat pl), ‘by [the] army road to [the] head‐stakes’. AD 909. Chilcomb (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S376 (Birch 620). R10, 19.

  3. 12. þanon on þa heafod stoccas (acc pl), ‘whence to the head‐stakes’. AD 932. Meon (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S417 (Birch 689).

  4. 13. of ðam widan geate forð to þam heafod stoccan (dat pl), þanon Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Bounds lang dic, ‘from the wide gate forth to the head‐stakes, whence along [the] ditch’. AD 934. Enford (Wiltshire). Boundary: hundred. S427 (Birch 705).

  5. 14. on mere wei þat it comigt on þere hevedstock (dat sg (fem.), or scribal error, in which case acc sg?), ‘to boundary way [so] that it comes to the head‐stake’. AD 940. Batcombe (Somerset). Boundary: hundred. S462 (Birch 749).

  6. 15. to þan herepaþe at heafod stoccan (dat pl), ‘to the army road at [the] head‐stakes’. AD 955. Berwick (Wiltshire). Boundary: hundred. S582 (Birch 917). R16.

  7. 16. Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Boundslang here paðes to þam heafod stoccum (dat pl), ‘along [the] army roads to the head‐stakes’. AD 955. Chalke (Wiltshire). Boundary: hundred. S582 (Birch 917). R15.

  8. 17. be gemære þæt on ða heafod stoccas (acc pl), ‘by [the] boundary then to the head‐stakes’. AD 956. Tadmarton (Oxfordshire). Boundary: estate. S611 (Birch 966).

  9. 18. suð ondlang gemæres þæt hit cimð to þam heafud stoccun (dat pl), ‘south along [the] boundary to the head‐stakes’. AD 958. Longworth (Berkshire). Boundary: hundred. S654 (Birch 1028).

  10. (p.274)
  11. 19. Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Boundslang stret to þam eafod stoccan (dat pl), ‘along [the] street to the head‐stakes’. AD 961. Easton (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S695 (Birch 1076). R10 and 11.

  12. 20. on heafod stoccas (acc pl), ‘to [the] head‐stakes’. AD 961. Hamstede. Not located. S698 (Birch 1075).

  13. 21. on þa heafod stoccas (acc pl), ‘to the head‐stakes’. AD 963. Kingston Lisle (Berkshire). Boundary: estate. S713 (Birch 1121).

  14. 22. on þa ealdan dic æt þæm heafod stoccan (dat pl), ‘to the old ditch at the head‐stakes’. AD 968. Hanney (Berkshire). Boundary: estate. S759 (Birch 1224).

  15. 23. on þare grene wei, onne þe heued stokes (acc pl), ‘to the green way to the head‐stakes’. AD 983. Tisbury (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S850 (Earle 1888, 429–30).

  16. 24. of þære ham dic innan þa heafod stoccas (acc pl), ‘from the home ditch in among the head‐stakes’. AD 1047–70. Little Hinton (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S1588 (Birch 479).

  17. 25. æfter foss to þam heafod stocce (dat sg), ‘after [the] road to the head‐stake’. Bounds not dated. Donnington (Gloucestershire). Boundary: hundred. S115 (Birch 29).

HEATHEN

  1. 26. on hæðen beorgas (dat pl), ‘to heathen barrows’. AD 1003. Bengeworth (Worcestershire). Boundary: hundred. S1664 (Kemble 1299).

  2. 27. of leofwynne mearce to þam hæþenan beorge (dat sg), ‘from Leofwine's boundary to the heathen barrow’. AD 1019. Drayton (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S956 (Edwards 1866, 324–6).

HEATHEN BURIALS

  1. 28. on þæne hæþena byregels (acc sg), ‘to the heathen burial’. AD 759 for 774 (Bounds 10th cent.). Pyrton (Oxfordshire). Boundary: estate. S104 (Birch 216). R73.

  2. 29. to þam hæðenan byrigelse (dat sg), ‘to the heathen burial’. AD 816 (Bounds 11th cent.). Hawling (Gloucestershire). Boundary: hundred. S179 (Birch 356).

  3. 30. And lang dic to ðem heþenum birigelsum (dat pl), ‘Along the ditch to the heathen burials’. AD 826 (Bounds 10th cent.. Droxford (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S276 (Birch 393). R40.

  4. 31. of þæræ hyrnan on stan mæræ. þonon to þæn æþænan byrigelsæ (dat sg), ‘from the corner to [the] stony pool. whence to the heathen burial’. AD 856. Æscesbyrig (Berkshire). Boundary: hundred. S317 (Birch 491). R43 and 54.

  5. 32. Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Boundslang icenhylte oþ þone hæðenan byrgels (acc sg). þanon on cynges stræt, ‘along Icknield [Way] as far as the heathen burial. whence to [the] king's street’. AD 903. Risborough (Buckinghamshire). Boundary: hundred. S367 (Birch 603).

  6. 33. þæt to þæm heþenan byrigelse (dat sg), ‘then to the heathen burial’. AD 909. Overton (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S377 (Birch 625).

  7. 34. Swa norð of þone æþena byrigels (acc sg), ‘So north from the heathen burial’. Early 10th cent. Crawley (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S381 (Birch 629).

  8. (p.275)
  9. 35. up to þam haeþenan byrgelsan (dat pl), þanon on scortan dic, ‘up to the heathen burials, whence to [the] short ditch’. AD 921. Collingbourne Kingston (Wiltshire). Boundary: hundred. S379 (Birch 635).

  10. 36. Ærest on ðone stan æt þam hæðenan byrgelsan (dat pl), ‘First to the stone at the heathen burials’. AD 931. Watchfield (Berkshire). Boundary: hundred. S413 (Birch 675).

  11. 37. fram þam pytte east on þa hæþenan byrigelsas (acc pl). þonne of þam byrgelsum (dat pl) to þam sealtherpoþe, ‘from the pit east to the heathen burials. then from the burials to the saltworks path’. AD 931. Cold Ashton (Gloucestershire). Boundary: hundred. S414 (Birch 670).

  12. 38. and lang wæges on ðone æþenan byrigæls (acc sg), ‘along [the] ways to the heathen burial’. AD 934. Enford (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S427 (Birch 705).

  13. 39. ut to þan hæþanne byrgelse (dat sg), ‘out to the heathen burial’. AD 937. Burcombe (Wiltshire). Boundary: hundred. S438 (Birch 714). R48.

  14. 40. Andlang dic to þam æþænan byrigelsum (dat pl), ‘along the ditch to the heathen burials’. AD 939. Droxford (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S446 (Birch 742). R30.

  15. 41. east of ðære bricgge. Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Boundslang dic oð ðone hæþenan byrgels (acc sg), ‘east of the bridge. along [the] ditch to the heathen burial’. AD 944. Badby (Northamptonshire). Boundary: estate. S495 (Birch 792). R69.

  16. 42. to þon hæþenum byrgelsum (dat pl) æt þære ealdun dic, ‘to the heathen burials at the old ditch’. AD 944 (for 942?). Blewbury (Berkshire). Boundary: estate. S496. (Birch 801). See also 128.

  17. 43. to þon æþænan byrigelsæ (dat sg), ‘to the heathen burial’. AD 944. Æscesbyrig (Berkshire). Boundary: hundred. S503 (Birch 796). R31 and 54.

  18. 44. on þa ealdan dic. west and lang dic on þa hæþenan byrgylsas (acc pl). þonne east and lang weges, ‘to the old ditch. west along [the] ditch to the heathen burials. then east along [the] way’. AD 945. Brightwell (Berkshire). Boundary: hundred. S517 (Birch 810). R45.

  19. 45. on þa dic. west and lang Dic of þa hæþenan byrigelsas (acc pl), ‘to the ditch. west along [the] Ditch to the heathen burials’. AD 947. Brightwell (Berkshire). Boundary: hundred. S523 (Birch 830). R44.

  20. 46. to ðam haþenum byrgelsum (dat pl), ‘to the heathen burials’. AD 955. Chalke (Wiltshire). Boundary: hundred. S582 (Birch 917).

  21. 47. Ærest of þam æþenan byrgelsæ Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Boundslang wegæs (dat sg), ‘First from the heathen burial along [the] way’. AD 956. Ellendune (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S585 (Birch 948). See 56.

  22. 48. on ðone hæðenan byrgels (acc sg), ‘to the heathen burial’. AD 956. Wilton (Wiltshire). Boundary: hundred. S586 (Birch 1030). R39.

  23. 49. on ðone hæþenan byrgels (acc sg), ‘to the heathen burial’. AD 956. Bayworth (Berkshire). Boundary: estate. S590 (Birch 932). R50.

  24. 50. on ðone hæðenan byrgels (acc sg), ‘to the heathen burial’. AD 956. Abingdon (Oxfordshire). Boundary: estate. S605 (Birch 924). R49.

  25. 51. on þa æþenam byrigelsas (acc pl), ‘to the heathen burials’. AD 956. Wudetune (Staffordshire). Boundary: unknown. S608 (Birch 969).

  26. (p.276)
  27. 52. on þone ealdan weg up to þan hæþenan byrgelse (dat sg), ‘to the old way up to the heathen burial’. AD 957. Stanton St Bernard (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S647 (Birch 998). 1st of two. R59.

  28. 53. to þam hæþenan byrgelse (dat sg), ‘to the heathen burial’. AD 957. Stanton St Bernard (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S647 (Birch 998). 2nd of two. R60.

  29. 54. up on þone æþænan byrigels (acc sg). þonon and lang þæs grænan weges, ‘up to the heathen burial. then along the green way’. AD 958. Æscesbyrig (Berkshire). Boundary: hundred. S575 (Birch 902). R31 and 43.

  30. 55. on hæðennan byriels (acc sg), ‘to [the] heathen burial’. AD 958. Cern (Berkshire). Boundary: hundred. S651 (Birch 1035).

  31. 56. to þan hæþnan byrgeles (acc sg) on þa ealdan dic, ‘to the heathen burial at/to the old ditch’. AD 958–9. Longworth (Berkshire). Boundary: estate. S673 (Birch 1047). 1st of two.

  32. 57. to þa þorn stybbe æt Cingtuninga gemære, þonne to þan hæðenan byrgelese (dat sg), þonne on þa meardic, ‘to the thorn stump at the boundary of the people of Kington, then to the heathen burial, then to the boundary ditch’. AD 958–9. Longworth (Berkshire). Boundary: hundred. S673 (Birch 1047). 2nd of two.

  33. 58. andlang mearce on þa hæþenan byrgenan (acc sg or pl), along [the] boundary to the heathen burial(s). AD 955–9. Bathingbourne (Isle of Wight). Boundary: unknown. S1662 (Birch 1024).

  34. 59. on þone ealdan weg up to þam hæþenan byrgelse (dat sg), ‘to the old way up to the heathen burial’. AD 960. Stanton St Bernard (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S685 (Birch 1053). 1st of two. R52.

  35. 60. to þam hæþenan byrgelse (dat sg), ‘to the heathen burial’. AD 960. Stanton St Bernard (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S685 (Birch 1053). 2nd of two. See 125. R53.

  36. 61. on þone hæþenan byrgels (acc sg), ‘to the heathen burial’. AD 961. Ringwood (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S690 (Birch 1066).

  37. 62. Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Boundslang dic to þam eþenan byrigelsan (dat pl). of þam æþenan byrigelsan (dat pl) and lang mearce, ‘along [the] ditch to the heathen burials. from the heathen burials along [the] boundary’. AD 961. Easton (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S695 (Birch 1076). R63.

  38. 63. of þam herpaðe Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Boundslang mearce to ðam hæþænan byrigelsan (dat pl), ‘from the army road along [the] boundary to the heathen burials’. AD 961. Avington (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S699 (Birch 1068). R62.

  39. 64. of þam hæþnan birigelsan (dat pl) up Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Boundslang dic innan mær wege, ‘from the heathen burials up along [the] ditch inside boundary way’. AD 966. Newnham Murren (Oxfordshire). Boundary: estate. S738 (Birch 1176).

  40. 65. on þane haþene berielese (acc sg), ‘to the heathen burial’. AD 966. Up Piddle (Dorset). Boundary: estate. S744 (Birch 1186).

  41. 66. on þæt hæþene byrgils (acc sg, neut, ‘to the heathen burial’. AD 972. Kennet (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S784 (Birch 1285).

  42. 67. swa on ðone hæðenan byrgels (acc sg). ðonan west on ða mearce þær ælfstan lið on hæðenan byrgels (acc sg), ‘so to the heathen burial. then west to the boundary where Ælfstan lies in [a] heathen burial’. AD 973 × 74. Crondall (Hampshire). Boundary: estate. S820 (Birch 1307). See 117.

  43. (p.277)
  44. 68. on þa heðenan byrgena (acc sg or pl), ‘to the heathen burials’. AD 1003. Bengeworth (Worcestershire). Boundary: hundred. S1664 (Kemble 1299). R78.

  45. 69. andlang gemæres on þa hæþenan byrgelsas (acc pl). of ðam byrgelson (dat pl) andlang pæþes, ‘along [the] boundary to the heathen burials. from the burials along [the] path’. AD 1021–3. Newnham (Northamptonshire). Boundary: estate. S977 (Kemble 736). R41.

  46. 70. swa on Ælgares hagan æt ðam heðanan byrigelsan (dat pl), ‘so to Ælfgar's enclosure at the heathen burials’. AD 1046. Hoddington (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S1013 (Kemble 783).

  47. 71. up on icen hilde weg. on þæne hæðenan byriels (acc sg). of icen hilde wege innan þa cwealm stowe (acc sg), ‘up to Icknield Way. to the heathen burial. from Icknield Way inside the killing‐place’. AD 1047 × 70. Little Hinton (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S1588 (Birch 479).

  48. 72. on þonne heþenan byrgels (acc sg), ‘to the heathen burial’. Undated. Oundle (Northamptonshire). Boundary: hundred. S1566 (Birch 1129).

  49. 73. innan þæne hæþenan byrgels (acc sg), ‘inside the heathen burial’. Undated. Pyrton (Oxfordshire). Boundary: estate. S1568 (Hearne 1723, 71–2). R28.

  50. 74. to þam hæðenan byriggelse (dat sg), ‘to the heathen burial’. Undated. Shipston‐on‐Stour (Worcestershire). Boundary: hundred. S1573 (Hearne 1723, 347).

  51. 75. quod appellatur holdedyche usque Budezet et ab eodem loco usque ad locum quod appellatur hetheneburieles (acc sg), ‘from the place called [the] old ditch to [the] Gate and from that place to the place called heathen burial’. Undated. Dauntsey (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S1580 (Birch 458). 1st of two. See 120.

  52. 76. et ab eodem loco usque le Rigweye videlicet super le hetheneburieles (acc sg), ‘and from that place to the Ridgeway above the heathen burial’. Undated. Dauntsey (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S1580 (Birch 458). 2nd of two. See 120.

  53. 77. et ab eodem usque le heðene buryels (acc sg), ‘and from there to the heathen burial’. Undated. Rodbourne (Wiltshire). Boundary: hundred. S1587 (Kemble 632).

  54. 78. onlong hricgweges on ða æðenan byrielse (acc sg (?fem), ‘along [the] Ridgeway to the heathen burial’. Undated. Twyford in Norton‐and‐Lenchwick (Worcestershire). Boundary: hundred. S1599 (Kemble 1368). See 123. R68.

MORþ, ‘DEATH, DESTRUCTION, PERDITION’ (B+T, 698)

  1. 79. Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Boundslang herpaðes on wendan mære on morþ dic (acc sg), ‘along [the] army road to Wendan's boundary to [the] murder ditch’ AD 938. Rimpton (Somerset). Boundary: hundred. S441 (Birch 730).

  2. 80. on þæne greatan hlinc þonan on morð crundel (acc sg). of morð crundele (dat sg) on þone bradan herpaþ, ‘to the great lynchet whence to [the] murder quarry. from the murder quarry to the broad army road’. AD 968. Wilton (Wiltshire). Boundary: hundred. S767 (Birch 1216).

  3. 81. of ðære stræt in morþhlau (acc sg) of morþhlau (acc sg) on ðone fulan pyt, ‘from the street on [the] murder barrow from [the] murder barrow to the foul pit’. AD 969. Kineton (Warwickshire). Boundary: hundred. S773 (Birch 1234).

(p.278) SCEACERE, ‘A ROBBER’ (B+T, 820)

  1. 82. andlang sceacerdene (gen sg), ‘along robber‐valley’. AD 1004. Littlebury (Essex). Boundary: estate. S907 (Jenkyns unpublished).

  2. 83. of þan stapole (dat sg) stent innan scocera wege (dat sg), ‘from the pillar ???? inside robber‐way’. AD 1047–70. Little Hinton (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S1588 (Birch 479).

ÞEOF, ‘A THIEF’ (B+T, 1051)

  1. 84. Of cyrstel mæl ac (dat sg) in east ende teoue lege (dat sg), ‘From [the] crucifix oak to the east and [to] thieves wood’. AD 770. Stoke Prior (Worcestershire). Boundary: estate. S60 (Birch 204).

  2. 85. on ðeofan dene (dat sg), ‘to thieves' valley’. AD 852 for 842. Calmsden (Gloucestershire). Boundary: hundred. S202 (Birch 466).

  3. 86. bi southe of weofwelle (dat sg), ‘by [the] south of thief spring’. AD 940. Langley (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S473 (Birch 751).

  4. 87. Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Boundslang herepaþes on þiofa cumb (acc sg), ‘along [the] army road to thieves' combe’. AD 961. Ringwood (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S690 (Birch 1066).

  5. 88. of þeofacumb (acc sg?) Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Boundslang weges, ‘from thieves' combe along [the] way’. AD 959–63. Meon (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S811 (Birch 1319).

  6. 89. andlang weges to þam þeof denne (dat sg), ‘along [the] way to the thief‐den’. AD 967. Bickmarsh and Ullington (Worcestershire). Boundary: hundred. S751 (Birch 1201).

  7. 90. on ðeofford (acc sg) Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Bounds þannon on haligwylle, ‘to thief ford and then to [the] holywell’. AD 970. Stoke (Suffolk). Not located. S781 (Birch 1269).

  8. 91. on þeofa ford (acc sg), ‘to thieves' ford’. AD 977. Wyle (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S831 (Kemble 611).

  9. 92. þer ða þeofes licgan, ‘where the thieves lie’. AD 1008. Rolleston (Staffordshire). Boundary: hundred. S920 (Shaw 1798, 29). R93.

  10. 93. þær þa ðeofes hangað, ‘where the thieves hang’. AD 1012. Wetmoor (Staffordshire). Boundary: hundred. S930 (Shaw 1798, 20). R92.

  11. 94. to þeofa dene (acc or dat sg), ‘to thieves' valley’. AD 816 (Bounds 11th cent.). Hawling (Gloucestershire). Boundary: hundred. S179 (Birch 356).

  12. 95. on þeoua dene (acc or dat sg), ‘to thieves valley’. Undated. Twyford in Norton and Lenchwick (Worcestershire). Boundary: hundred. S1599 (Kemble 1368).

WEARG, ‘A VILLAIN, FELON, SCOUNDREL’ (B+T, 1177)

  1. 96. on brugh doune on warrode þanen on windberghes (acc or dat sg), ‘to ?brow hill to felon's gallows to ?windbarrows’. AD 891. Buckland Newton (Dorset). Boundary: hundred. S347 (Birch 564).

  2. 97. of ðam beorge norð to wearge dune (acc or dat sg). betweox þa lytlan twegen beorgas, ‘from the barrow north to felon hill. between the two little barrows’. AD 944. Badby (Northamptonshire). Not solved. S495 (Birch 792). R108.

  3. (p.279)
  4. 98. of þam þorne on þa wærhroda (acc pl), ‘from the thorn to the felon's gallows’. AD 956. Bleadon (Somerset). Boundary: hundred. S606 (Birch 959). R102.

  5. 99. þonon on þa wearh roda (acc pl) on wodnes dic, ‘then on to the felon's gallows on Woden's dyke’. AD 957. Stanton St Bernard (Wiltshire). Boundary: hundred. S647 (Birch 998). R100.

  6. 100. þonon on þa wearh rode (acc sg). on wodnes dic, ‘then on to the felon's gallow on Woden's dyke’. AD 960. Stanton St Bernard (Wiltshire). Boundary: hundred. S685 (Birch 1053). R99.

  7. 101. ðonan wulfstanes mearce æt weargeburnan (dat sg), ‘then [to] Wulfstan's boundary at felon's stream [Warnborough]’. AD 973 × 4. Crondall (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S820 (Birch 1307).

  8. 102. de Geynesthorne usque wargrode. de wargrode usque loxanwode wargtreen, ‘from Geyne's thorn to felon's gallows. from felon's gallows to lynxwood felon‐tree’. AD 975. Bleadon (Somerset). Boundary: hundred. S804 (Birch 1313). R98.

  9. 103. þonan west andlang weges to þam wearhbeorge (dat sg), ‘then west along [the] ways to the felon barrow’. AD 995. Littlebrook (Kent). Boundary: estate. S885 (Campbell 1973, 41).

  10. 104. on wearra ford (acc sg), swa Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Boundslang mores oð þene bradan herepað, ‘to felon ford, so along [by the] marsh to the broad army road’. AD 1002. Little Haseley (Oxfordshire). Boundary: Not solved. S902 (Kemble 1296).

  11. 105. eft to Watlinga stræte, andlang strate to þare ealdan werhrode (dat sg), þanan to þas ealder mannes ge mære, ‘once again to Watling Street, along [the] street to the old felon's gallows. then to the ealdorman's boundary’. AD 1002. Tyburn (Middlesex). Boundary: hundred. S903 (Armitage Robinson 1911, 167–8).

  12. 106. ðæt up on weargeburninga gemæra, ‘then up to the boundary of the people of Warnborough (“felons' stream”)’. AD 1046. Hoddington (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S1013 (Kemble 783).

  13. 107. Siþe to þe Waritroe (dat sg), ‘Afterwards to the felon's tree’. Bounds 11th or 12th cent. Childs Wickham (Worcestershire). Boundary: hundred. S1174 (Birch 117).

  14. 108. Of ðam stocce to wearge dune (dat sg) betweone ðe twege beorges, ‘From the stake/tree‐trunk/pollard to felon's hill between the two barrows’. Undated. Badby (Northamptonshire). Not solved. S1565 (Kemble 1356). R97.

NAMED INDIVIDUALS

  1. 109. Byrnærdes byrielse (dat sg). AD 693 (11th cent.). Battersea (Surrey). Boundary: estate. S1248 (Birch 82). R114.

  2. 110. Beahhildæ byrigels (acc sg). AD 856. Æscesbyrig (Berkshire). Boundary: estate. S317 (Birch 491). R112.

  3. 111. Fridan byrgilis (acc sg). AD 901. Chiseldon (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S366 (Birch 598).

  4. 112. Beaghildæ byrigels (acc sg). AD 944. Æscesbyrig (Berkshire). Boundary: estate. S503 (Birch 796). R110.

  5. 113. Ealhæræs byrgelse (dat sg). AD 956. Ellendune (Wiltshire). Boundary: hundred. S585 (Birch 948). See 47.

  6. (p.280)
  7. 114. Bernardes byrieles (acc sg). AD 957. Battersea (Surrey). Boundary: estate. S645 (Birch 994). R109.

  8. 115. Tatemannes beorgelese (dat sg). AD 963. Washington (Sussex). Boundary: estate. S714 (Birch 125).

  9. 116. Hoces byrgels (acc sg). AD 968. Bedwyn (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S756 (Birch 1213).

  10. 117. þær Ælfstan lið on hæðenan byrgels (acc sg). AD 973 × 4. Crondall (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S820 (Birch 1307). See 67.

  11. 118. Wures byrgylse (dat sg). AD 975. Fyfield (Hampshire). Boundary: estate. S800 (Birch 1316).

  12. 119. Scobban byrygels (acc sg). AD 990. Wootton St Lawrence (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S874 (Kemble 673).

  13. 120. Strenges buriels (acc sg). Undated. Dauntsey (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S1580 (Birch 458). Separate burial in same bounds as 75 and 76.

  14. 121. Eallistanes byrigels (acc sg). Undated. Evesham (Worcestershire). Boundary: hundred. S1591a (Kemble iii, 395–6). R123.

  15. 122. Ealhmundes byrigenne (dat sg). Undated. Tardebigge (Worcestershire). Boundary: estate. S1598 (Hearne 1723, 362).

  16. 123. Ælfstanes byriels (acc sg). Undated. Twyford in Norton‐and‐Lenchwick (Worcestershire). Boundary: hundred. S1599 (Kemble 1368). Separate burial in same bounds as 78. R121.

UNSPECIFIED CEMETERIES AND BURIAL PLACES

  1. 124. to þam byrgelsan (dat pl), ‘to the burial’. AD 775 (for c. 705 × 17; Bounds 10th cent.). ?Preston or East/West Dean (Sussex). Boundary: unknown. S43 (Birch 144).

  2. 125. to þare burgilsan (dat sg (fem)), ‘to the burial’. AD 903. Stanton St Bernard (Wiltshire). Boundary: estate. S368 (Birch 600). Equates to 60.

  3. 126. þonne on þa byrgelsas (acc pl). þonne suþ andlang weges, ‘then to the burials. then south along [the] way’. AD 939. East Overton (Wiltshire). Boundary: unknown. S449 (Birch 734).

  4. 127. swa on þa byrgelsas (acc pl), ‘so to the burials’. AD 943. Burghclere (Hampshire). Boundary: hundred. S487 (Birch 787).

  5. 128. on þone byrgeles (acc sg), ‘to the burial’. AD 944, for 942? Blewbury (Berkshire). Boundary: hundred. S496 (Birch 801). Separate burial in same bounds as 42.

  6. 129. þonon Appendix 4 A Handlist of Execution and Related Sites, and Burial Places, in Anglo‐Saxon Charter Boundslang weges on þa byrgelsas (acc pl), ‘then along [the] way to the burials’. AD 951. Chieveley (Berkshire). Boundary: estate. S558 (Birch 892).

MISCELLANEOUS

  1. 130. on ceorles hlæwe (dat sg), ‘to [the] ceorl's barrow’. AD 948. Downton (Wiltshire). Not solved. S540 (Birch 862).

  2. (p.281)
  3. 131. þonne forð oð ðat hit cymð þar mon þane chiorl sloh for þan buccan, ‘then forth until it cometh to the place where the ceorl [was] slain because of the goat’. AD 955. Chalke (Wiltshire). Boundary: hundred. S582 (Birch 917).

  4. 132. of æcenes felda ðær ða cnihtas licgað, ‘from Æcenes field to where the young men lie’. AD 1044. Witney (Oxfordshire). Boundary: hundred. S1001 (Kemble 775).