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Anglo-Saxon Deviant Burial Customs$

Andrew Reynolds

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199544554

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544554.001.0001

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(p.262) Appendix 2 A Handlist of Early Anglo‐Saxon Deviant Burials

(p.262) Appendix 2 A Handlist of Early Anglo‐Saxon Deviant Burials

Source:
Anglo-Saxon Deviant Burial Customs
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

This Appendix lists all instances of prone burial, decapitation, stoning, and amputation from communal cemeteries of the fifth to early eighth centuries collected up to 2003. Examples are listed alphabetically by county within each of the four categories. Details of sex, orientation, date, and other features relating to each burial can be found in Reynolds 1998, Appendix 2. References to published cemetery reports are provided, where details of individual burials can be found.

2.1. PRONE BURIALS

BEDFORDSHIRE: Puddlehill 10 (Matthews and Hawkes 1985, 91); Toddington unnumbered (Meaney 1964, 40); Totternhoe D2, D9 (Matthews 1962, 30, 31)

BERKSHIRE: Abingdon 1, 29, 51 (Leeds and Harden 1936, 31, 36, 40–1); Frilford I 18 (Rolleston 1869, 437, 477)

BUCKINGHAMSHIRE: Westbury‐by‐Shenley 55280 (Ivens, Busby, and Shepherd 1995, 71–4)

CAMBRIDGESHIRE: Burwell 24 (Lethbridge 1924–5, 79); Edix Hill 16, 40 (Malim and Hines 1998, table 3.3); Little Downham unnumbered (Meaney 1964, 64); Little Wilbraham unnumbered, 24 (Deck 1851, 170; Neville 1852, 15); Shudy Camps 14 (Lethbridge 1936, 5)

CO. DURHAM: Norton 17, 28, 47, 84, 91, 99, 116 (Sherlock and Welch 1992, 29, fig. 12).

ESSEX: Cressing 1479 (T. Robey, pers comm. 1995); Great Chesterford 86, 103 (Evison 1994, 30); Mucking II 690b (D. Clarke, pers. comm. 1997); Prittlewell 6 (Tyler 1988, 94)

GLOUCESTERSHIRE: Bishop's Cleeve 6 (Holbrook 2000, 69); Lechlade 15, 74, 126 (Boyle et al. 1998, 59–60, 85–6, 108).

HAMPSHIRE: Droxford 7 (Aldsworth 1979, 114); Meonstoke 4 (Stoodley and Stedman 2001, 146; Worthy Park 12, 43 (Hawkes and Wells 1975, 118)

HUNTINGDONSHIRE: Houghton unnumbered (Meaney 1964, 106)

KENT: Beakesbourne II 27 (Meaney 1964, 109); Dollands Moor 1 (Gaimster, Margeson and Hurley 1990, 198, No. 157); Dover Buckland 67 (Evison 1987, 133–4); Richborough unnumbered (Bushe‐Fox 1949, 80).

LINCOLNSHIRE: Castledyke 71, 85, 98, 148, 150, 161, 166b, 172 (Drinkall and Foreman 1998, 214–20, table 2); Ruskington 3 unnumbered (Harman, Molleson, and Price 1981, 187, no. 77)

NORFOLK: Caistor‐by‐Norwich 21, 23 (Myres and Green 1973, 226); Caister‐on‐Sea 1 (Darling and Gurney 1993, 45); Swaffham 15 (Hills and Wade‐Martins 1976, 7)

(p.263) NORTHAMPTONSHIRE: Great Addington I unnumbered (Meaney 1964, 186); Holdenby unnumbered (Meaney 1964, 190); Wakerley 77 (Adams and Jackson 1990, 69–178)

NOTTINGHAMSHIRE: Broughton Lodge 105 (Kinsley 1993, 51)

OXFORDSHIRE: Chadlington 7 (Leeds 1940, 28); Cuddesdon unnumbered (Anon. 1847, 157–9); Standlake 1 (Dickinson 1973, 243); Watchfield 127 (Scull 1992, 192); Wheatley 45 (Leeds 1916, 58)

RUTLAND: Empingham 5, 53, 107, 110, 113a, 113b, 122, 125 (Timby 1996, 18)

SOMERSET: Camerton 68, 70, 108 (Horne 1933, 55, 63)

SUFFOLK: Buttermarket 1674 (Scull, forthcoming); Holywell Row 3a, 26 (Lethbridge 1931, 2, 17); Snape 44 (Filmer‐Sankey and Pestell 2001, 94); Westgarth Gardens 32, 60 (West 1988, 28)

SURREY: Farthingdown unnumbered (Meaney 1964, 241; Hope‐Taylor 1950, 170); Mitcham 31, 44, 64, 132 (Bidder and Morris 1959, 62, 64, 69)

SUSSEX: Highdown 177, Piddinghoe unnumbered, Woodingdean O (Welch 1983, 482, 421, 425)

WARWICKSHIRE: Stretton‐on‐Fosse 3 (N. Stoodley, pers. comm. 2003); Wasperton 1, 138 (Youngs and Clark 1982, 211; J. Scheschkewitz, pers. comm. 2003)

WILTSHIRE: Blacknall Field 71 (Annable and Eagles, forthcoming); Collingbourne Ducis 11 (Gingell 1975–6, 78–9).

WORCESTERSHIRE: Beckford 48, 57, 63 (Evison and Hill 1996, 27, table 17).

YORKSHIRE EAST RIDING: Elloughton unnumbered (Sheppard 1940, 162); Market Weighton unnumbered (Meaney 1964, 295); Sewerby 26, 41, 57 (Hirst 1985, 22–23)

YORKSHIRE NORTH RIDING: West Heslerton 006, 017, 070, 089, 113, 114, 118, 126, 132, 147, 155, 166 (Haughton and Powlesland 1999, 91, fig. 53 and 371–4)

2.2. Decapitations

BERKSHIRE: Abingdon 48 (Leeds and Harden 1936)

CAMBRIDGESHIRE: Burwell 80 (Lethbridge 1931, 62); Linton Heath 78 (Neville 1854, 110); Melbourn 5 (Wilson 1956, 31)

ESSEX: Cressing 1479 (T. Robey, pers. comm. 1995)

HAMPSHIRE: Alton 37 (Evison 1988, 29); Portway East 23 (Cooke and Dacre 1985, 29, 56); Portway West 3a, 3b (Stoodley 2006); Winnall II 11, 23, 28 (Meaney and Hawkes 1970, 12, 14, 16)

ISLE OF WIGHT: Bowcombe Down 1, 5, Chessell Down 24, 41 (Arnold 1982, 90–1, 23, 26)

KENT: Lyminge 34 (Warhurst 1955; Evison 1987, 162–4)

LINCOLNSHIRE: Loveden Hill 4 unnumbered (Meaney 1964, 158; Wilkinson 1980, 230); Sleaford 175 (Thomas 1887, 400); Welbeck Hill 12 (Swanton 1973, 207; Evison 1987, 27–8)

NORFOLK: Caistor‐by‐Norwich 37 (Myres and Green 1973, 230)

NORTHAMPTONSHIRE: Great Addington 3 unnumbered (Meaney 1964, 186); Nassington A, 31 (Leeds and Atkinson 1944, 110, 112)

(p.264) OXFORDSHIRE: Brighthampton 40b (Akerman 1857, 391–8); Chadlington 7, 9, 10 (Leeds 1940, 28); Wheatley 2 (Leeds 1916, 50)

STAFFORDSHIRE: Stapenhill 28 (Heron 1889, 167)

SUFFOLK: Little Eriswell 12 (Hutchinson 1966, 1–32)

SURREY: Mitcham 15, 54, 62, 87, 136, 207, 209 (Bidder and Morris 1959, 59, 63, 64, 65, 69, 73, 74)

SUSSEX: Alfriston 26, Blackpatch 2iii, 12i, Burpham 3, Kingston ?7 (Welch 1983, 354–5, 459, 460, 489, 418); Blackpatch (Russell 2001, 57–8, 80–1)

WARWICKSHIRE: Bidford‐onAvon 138 (Humphreys, Ryland and Wellstood 1924, 273); Stretton‐on‐Fosse 4 (Swanton 1973, 207); Wasperton 18, 56 (J. Scheschkewitz, pers. comm. 2003)

YORKSHIRE EAST RIDING: Elloughton unnumbered (Sheppard 1940, 162)

2.3. Stoned burials

BERKSHIRE: Abingdon 23, 25, 29, 57, 66, 70, 81, 111 (Leeds and Harden 1936, 35, 36, 42, 44, 47, 52–3); Frilford II unnumbered (Bradford and Goodchild 1939, 37–9; Meaney and Hawkes 1970, 31)

GLOUCESTERSHIRE: Lechlade 18 (Boyle et al. 1998, 61–3)

HAMPSHIRE: Winnall II 24i, 24ii, 25 (Meaney and Hawkes 1970, 15)

KENT: Dover Buckland 10, 161, Orpington 26 (Evison 1987, 17 and 164–6)

LINCOLNSHIRE: Loveden Hill 8 unnumbered (Meaney 1964, 158–9)

NORFOLK: Spong Hill 47 (Hills, Penn and Rickett 1984, 102)

NORTHAMPTONSHIRE: Nassington 29 (Leeds and Atkinson 1944, 109)

NOTTINGHAMSHIRE: Broughton Lodge 10, 14, 15, 16, 24, 33, 35, 36, 42, 45, 46, 53, 79, 85, 94, 95, 101, 102, 103, 104, 106, 107, 108, 109 (Kinsley 1993, 29–40, 47, 50, 51)

OXFORDSHIRE: Brighthampton 6, 18, 48 (Akerman 1857, 394); Lyneham H1, 2 (Conder 1895, 405–10)

SUFFOLK: Carlton Colville 2 unnumbered (R. Mortimer, pers. comm. 2003)

SUSSEX: Alfriston 19 (Welch 1983, 352); Appledown II 173 (Down and Welch 1990, 56), Woodingdean O, 3 (Welch 1983, 425)

WARWICKSHIRE: Bidford‐onAvon 138 (Humphreys, Ryland, and Wellstood 1924, 273)

WILTSHIRE: Alvediston 1c (Clay 1926, 435–7); Collingbourne Ducis 1 (Gingell 1975–6, 67)

YORKSHIRE EAST RIDING: Sewerby 41 (Hirst 1985, 39)

2.4. Amputations

BEDFORDSHIRE: Puddlehill 2 (Matthews and Hawkes 1985, 89); Totternhoe D7 (Matthews 1962, 31)

GLOUCESTERSHIRE: Kemble III (King, Barber, and Timby 1996, 28–9)

(p.265) HAMPSHIRE: Alton 35 (Evison 1988, 29); Winnall II 35, 46 (Meaney and Hawkes 1970, 17, 19)

LINCOLNSHIRE: Loveden Hill 2 unnumbered (Meaney 1964, 158–9; Wilkinson 1980, 230)

SOMERSET: Camerton 83 (Horne 1933, 58)

SUFFOLK: Westgarth Gardens 32 (West 1988, 28)

SUSSEX: Blackpatch 10 (Welch 1983, 460; Russell 2001, 77)

WILTSHIRE: Blacknall Field 71 (Annable and Eagles, forthcoming)

YORKSHIRE NORTH RIDING: West Heslerton 114 (Haughton and Powlesland 1999, 91, fig. 53 and 371–4)