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Concepts of EpidemiologyIntegrating the ideas, theories, principles and methods of epidemiology$
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Raj Bhopal

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199543144

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543144.001.0001

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Interrelated concepts in the epidemiology of disease

Interrelated concepts in the epidemiology of disease

Natural history, spectrum, iceberg, population patterns, and screening

(p.163) Chapter 6 Interrelated concepts in the epidemiology of disease
Concepts of Epidemiology

Raj S. Bhopal

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that understanding the interrelated concepts of the natural history, spectrum, population pattern, and iceberg of disease and their relation to screening is crucial to the epidemiological endeavour. Natural history is usually pieced together from an understanding of causes and their effects, and outcomes of disease, and hence lies at the heart of epidemiology. Topics discussed include natural history of disease, the incubation period, and acute/chronic diseases; the population pattern of diseases; spectrum of disease; screening, and epidemiological theory.

Keywords:   natural history, spectrum, population patterns, epidemiology, incubation period

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