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Concepts of EpidemiologyIntegrating the ideas, theories, principles and methods of epidemiology$
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Raj Bhopal

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199543144

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543144.001.0001

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Error, bias, confounding and risk modification/interaction in epidemiology

Error, bias, confounding and risk modification/interaction in epidemiology

(p.83) Chapter 4 Error, bias, confounding and risk modification/interaction in epidemiology
Concepts of Epidemiology

Raj S. Bhopal

Oxford University Press

This chapter utilized the central epidemiological strategy — comparison of populations — to discuss bias. Bias, in an epidemiological context, arises when errors affect comparison groups unequally. Since this is often the case, perhaps always the case, bias is a central issue in epidemiology. Classification of error and bias and a practical application of the research chronology schema are discussed.

Keywords:   classification of error, public health, epidemiological studies, errors, bias

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