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The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era$
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Alden A. Mosshammer

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199543120

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543120.001.0001

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The Classical Alexandrian Cycle

The Classical Alexandrian Cycle

(p.190) 10 The Classical Alexandrian Cycle
The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era

Alden A. Mosshammer

Oxford University Press

Theophilus of Alexandria published a 100‐year Paschal list beginning in the first consulship of Theodosius, AD 380. That year corresponds to the first of the classical Alexandrian cycle, but it is not necessarily the case that the 19‐year cycle of Theophilus began in that year. The earliest unambiguous evidence for a 19‐year cycle calibrated to the first year of Diocletian is the 110‐year list that Cyril dedicated to the emperor Theodosius II. He states explicitly that the first year of the list, AD 403, was the fifth year of the 19‐year cycle. Cyril perhaps adopted the form of the cycle that had been promulgated by Annianus, an Alexandrian monk who lived in the time of Theophilus.

Keywords:   Theophilus of Alexandria, Cyril of Alexandria, Annianus of Alexandria, Era of Diocletian

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