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Trafficking in Human BeingsModern Slavery$
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Silvia Scarpa

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199541904

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541904.001.0001

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The European Union and Trafficking in Persons: From Traffickers' Prosecution to Victims' Protection?

The European Union and Trafficking in Persons: From Traffickers' Prosecution to Victims' Protection?

Chapter:
(p.171) 5 The European Union and Trafficking in Persons: From Traffickers' Prosecution to Victims' Protection?
Source:
Trafficking in Human Beings
Author(s):

Silvia Scarpa

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541904.003.0006

This chapter discusses the role played by the European Union in the fight against trafficking in persons; the two legislative acts specifically dealing with this phenomenon — the Council Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA and the Council Directive 2004/81/EC — are analysed to point out that they did not have victims' human rights as their ultimate goal. In spite of that, the European Conference on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings held in 2002 paved the way for a radical change of the EU policy in the field of trafficking in persons. The chapter continues by looking at both the recent European Commission Communication and the Council Action Plan on trafficking in persons which adopted a human rights centred approach. However, this new EU trend has yet to be confirmed by the adoption of legislation on victims' protection. It argues that action in the field of trafficking in human organs and tissues is urgently needed.

Keywords:   European Union, trafficking in persons, victims' protection, Area of Freedom, Security and Justice, Council Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA, Council Directive 2004/81/EC, European Conference on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, human rights based approach, trafficking in human organs and tissues

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