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R.J. Crampton

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199541584

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541584.001.0001

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Bulgaria at War, 1912–1918

Bulgaria at War, 1912–1918

(p.190) 7 Bulgaria at War, 1912–1918

R. J. Crampton (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter chronicles Bulgaria's involvement in two Balkan wars and in the First World War spanning the years 1912 to 1918. The second Balkan war was shorter, but far more bloody than the fighting against the Ottomans, and eventually proved to be a national catastrophe for Bulgaria. The defeat had been caused not by the inadequacies of the Bulgarian army, which held its own in the western theatre, but by the failings of the politicians. The First World War was the second national catastrophe, reducing the majority of the population to the verge of starvation. The prospects for the established political parties seemed slim and the real question seemed to be whether radical forces would be strong enough to destroy the Tŭrnovo system altogether.

Keywords:   Bulgaria, Balkan wars, politics, history, World War I, Germany, Macedonia

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