The Tŭrnovo Constitution and the Reign of Prince Alexander, 1878–1886
Before the convocation of the assembly of notables in Tŭrnovo, Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia were to be governed by a Russian provisional administration. It made one important executive decision, nominating Sofia as the capital of the principality, primarily because it lay at the crossroads of the main north-east to south-west and north-west to south-east routes across the Balkans, the old Bulgarian name for the city having been Sredets, or ‘central point’. Sofia was also within relatively easy reach of Macedonia. This chapter examines the Tŭrnovo Constitution and the reign of Prince Alexander in Bulgaria during the period 1878-1886. The Bulgarian constitution granted a wide range of individual liberties, at the same time requiring that all Bulgarians obey the law, pay their taxes, send their sons to the army for a two-year period, and educate their children, girls and boys, to primary level.
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