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R.J. Crampton

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199541584

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541584.001.0001

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The Bulgarian National Renaissance, II. The Cultural Revival and the Creation of the Modern Bulgarian State

The Bulgarian National Renaissance, II. The Cultural Revival and the Creation of the Modern Bulgarian State

Chapter:
(p.41) 3 The Bulgarian National Renaissance, II. The Cultural Revival and the Creation of the Modern Bulgarian State
Source:
Bulgaria
Author(s):

R. J. Crampton (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541584.003.0004

The emergence of Bulgarian national feeling, and its organization into an effective force in Ottoman affairs, was made possible by two factors: stability within the empire itself and the modernization of its political structure, and the generation among the Bulgarians themselves of a sense of national identity. The Bulgarian nationalism would have been much more difficult, if not impossible, without the Tanzimat, the major restructuring of the Ottoman empire which began in the mid-1820s with the suppression of the Janissaries. Reform was delayed by the Greek war of independence and more so by the Russo–Turkish war of 1828-1829, but by the mid-1830s it had picked up momentum. Two aspects of Ottoman reconstruction, the expansion of trade with Europe and the creation of a professional Ottoman army, combined to increase the wealth of the Bulgarian lands and to stimulate gradual social change, and thus to provide the economic basis for cultural regeneration.

Keywords:   Bulgaria, nationalism, cultural revival, nation-state, Ottoman empire, religion, politics, history, revolution

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