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Truth Through ProofA Formalist Foundation for Mathematics$
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Alan Weir

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199541492

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.001.0001

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Metaphysics

Metaphysics

Chapter:
(p.12) 1 Metaphysics
Source:
Truth Through Proof
Author(s):

Alan Weir (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.003.0002

This chapter elucidates some aspects of the tangled notion of realism. A distinction is drawn between metaphysical realism and ontological realism. The latter affirms the mind-independent existence of a certain category of entity —properties, objects of perception, theoretical entities. The second notion is associated with Dummett: metaphysical or semantic realists and anti-realists dispute whether truth is evidence-transcendent. The latter view tends to assimilate realism to a form of radical scepticism, something not associated with historical realists. Despite this, the notion is not discarded since it is needed in explicating the ‘mind-independent’ component of ontological realism. The key distinction between informational and metaphysical content is introduced. The former notion is related to Frege's notion of sense, whilst metaphysical contents specify what makes-true or false an utterance with a given sense in a given circumstance or context. In terms of these, a tripartite ‘neo-Fregean’ framework of Sense, Circumstance, and World is put in place; this will be used to clarify the obscure notion of ontological reductionism featuring in many ontological anti-realisms.

Keywords:   metaphysical realism, ontological realism, mind-independence, informational content, metaphysical content, makes-true, sense, circumstance, context, ontological reductionism

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