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The Structure of Objects$
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Kathrin Koslicki

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199539895

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.001.0001

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The Standard Conception of Composition

The Standard Conception of Composition

Chapter:
(p.9) I The Standard Conception of Composition
Source:
The Structure of Objects
Author(s):

Kathrin Koslicki (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0002

This chapter is devoted to an exposition of the main concepts and principles of standard mereology, the system originally developed by Stanislaw Leśniewski and introduced into the English-speaking world in the guise of Henry Leonard and Nelson Goodman's ‘Calculus of Individuals’. The main source for this chapter is Peter Simons', Parts: A Study in Ontology, in particular his instructive gradual development of standard mereology, which shows how stronger and stronger principles may be added gradually to a minimal core, until we arrive at the full-strength theory of standard mereology. Despite standard mereology's merits as a formal theory, however, it remains to be seen whether it is of any use to the metaphysician in characterizing ordinary mereological concepts, as they apply to our scientifically informed, common-sense ontology.

Keywords:   standard mereology, common-sense ontology, Henry Leonard, Nelson Goodman, Stanislaw Leśniewski, mereological concepts

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