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After the FallGerman Policy in Occupied France, 1940-1944$
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Thomas J. Laub

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199539321

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539321.001.0001

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Invasion and Retreat

Invasion and Retreat

Chapter:
(p.273) 11 Invasion and Retreat
Source:
After the Fall
Author(s):

Thomas J. Laub

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539321.003.0012

During the final years of the Occupation, Hitler championed increasingly radical measures such as the Commando Order against real and imagined enemies of the Nazi regime. Alienated by the Führer's criminal policies, Carl‐Heinrich von Stülpnagel and leading figures within the military administration in Paris conspired with Claus von Stauffenberg and prepared to overthrow the Nazi regime. On the evening of 20 July 1944, Carl‐Heinrich von Stülpnagel ordered subordinates to arrest the SS and tried to enlist colleagues from the regular field army in the plot. Once news of Hitler's survival reached Paris, the conspirators orchestrated an elaborate cover‐up in conjunction with Otto Abetz and Carl Oberg. The German embassy in Paris, SS, and military administration embraced a common agenda of survival, accommodated one another, and concealed the scope of the anti‐Nazi conspiracy in Paris. Veterans of the 20 July conspiracy helped General Dietrich von Choltitz, the last military commander in France, disobey a direct order from Hitler that called for the complete destruction of Paris.

Keywords:   20 July 1944 Conspiracy, Paris, war crimes, Commando Order, Carl‐Heinrich von Stülpnagel, Otto Abetz, Carl Oberg, accommodation, Dietrich von Choltitz

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