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The Political Economy of Managed MigrationNonstate Actors, Europeanization, and the Politics of Designing Migration Policies$
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Georg Menz

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199533886

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533886.001.0001

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Contested Areas of Sovereignty: Labor Migration and Asylum Policy in New Countries of Immigration: Ireland, Italy, and Poland

Contested Areas of Sovereignty: Labor Migration and Asylum Policy in New Countries of Immigration: Ireland, Italy, and Poland

Chapter:
(p.198) 5 Contested Areas of Sovereignty: Labor Migration and Asylum Policy in New Countries of Immigration: Ireland, Italy, and Poland
Source:
The Political Economy of Managed Migration
Author(s):

Georg Menz (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533886.003.0005

This chapter explores the politics of migration in three recent countries of immigration. The analysis of employers, trade unions, and humanitarian NGOs in shaping national migration policies again is at the centre of analysis. Top-down Europeanization is particularly pivotal in new immigration countries with embryonic systems of migration regulation, while bottom-up attempts have been limited to Italian proposals for quota systems and their use to induce “cooperation” with third countries in migration flow management. But despite the recent history of immigration, employers, especially in Ireland and Italy, value managed migration of labor migrants, both high and low skill, feeding into the primary, tertiary, and, in the case of Italy, also the secondary sector to alleviate labor and in some instances skill shortages. In Poland, undocumented economic migration from neighboring Ukraine is tolerated, but thus far, there is scant interest in active labor market recruitment on the part of employers. The labor market interest associations are pivotal actors in Ireland and Italy, actively comanaging labor migration flows, while in Poland their influence is less pronounced. NGOs face severe difficulties in constructing access channels to government with the exception of Italy, where links to political parties and demonstrations have often led to more liberal regulatory outcomes.

Keywords:   access channels, comanaging migration, mixed market economies, quotas, social partners, undocumented migration

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