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The International Mobility of TalentTypes, Causes, and Development Impact$
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Andrés Solimano

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199532605

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532605.001.0001

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The International Mobility of Entrepreneurs and Regional Upgrading in India and China

The International Mobility of Entrepreneurs and Regional Upgrading in India and China

Chapter:
(p.117) 5 The International Mobility of Entrepreneurs and Regional Upgrading in India and China
Source:
The International Mobility of Talent
Author(s):

AnnaLee Saxenian

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532605.003.0005

By 2000, over one-third of Silicon Valley's high-skilled workers were foreign-born, and overwhelmingly from Asia. These US-educated engineers are transforming developmental opportunities for formerly peripheral regions as they build professional and business connections to their home countries. In a process more akin to ‘brain circulation’ than ‘brain drain’, these engineers and entrepreneurs, aided by the lowered transaction costs associated with digitization, are transferring technical and institutional know-how between distant regional economies faster and more flexibly than most large corporations. This chapter examines how Chinese and Indian-born engineers are contributing to highly localized processes of entrepreneurial experimentation in their home countries, while maintaining close ties to the technology and markets in Silicon Valley.

Keywords:   entrepreneurship, knowledge economy, start-ups, information technology, venture capital, China, India, USA, Silicon Valley

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