The Making of the Colonial Periphery
This chapter discusses how the enclosing of adivasi spaces led to the creation of the periphery in India. Colonial revenue and agriculture policies had brought heavy pressure on land both in the plains and the hills. This evicted adivasis from their land. In fact the adivasis were relinquishing their lands in protest against colonial revenue and agricultural policies. It was this development that drove the adivasis further deep into the forest, leading to revolts and resistance in this region. In response, the colonial state adopted a policy of protectionism which created an administrative boundary between mainland plains and hills. This new boundary was, indeed, an artificial one that served to exoticize and stigmatize a minority of adivasis. They were judged to be ‘primitives’ who did not deserve self-rule. Here we shall show the ways in which the adivasis were marginalized, and how this marginality constitutes the periphery under colonial rule.
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